Biology (BIOL)

BIOL 400G   Plant Physiology    4 Hours

A study of the general principles by which plants function. Three areas discussed are transport and translocation of water and solutes, metabolism with special emphasis on photosynthesis, and plant growth and development.
Grade Mode: Non-graded
Recent Term(s) Offered: None

BIOL 403G   Molecular Basis of Cancer    3 Hours

Biological and molecular features of oncogenesis and clinical cancer, focusing on specific molecular events underlying carcinogenesis, metastasis and angiogenesis. Case study learning will be integrated into the course to engage students in understanding the societal implications of cancer.
Recent Term(s) Offered: summer 2015; summer 2016; winter 2017

BIOL 404G   Electron Microscopy    4 Hours

A course in the fundamentals of electron microscopy including basic theory, techniques for specimen preparation and photography, and operation of the electron microscope. Lecture, two hours; laboratory, four hours.
Grade Mode: Non-graded
Course Fee: $20
Recent Term(s) Offered: fall 2015; fall 2016; fall 2017

BIOL 405G   Aquatic Insect Diversity    2 Hours

The taxonomy and biology of the insects commonly encountered in freshwater habitats.
Prerequisite(s): Graduate standing.
Recent Term(s) Offered: None

BIOL 407G   Virology    3 Hours

Study of bacterial, animal and plant viruses. Emphasis on the molecular aspects of replication, expression, regulation and pathogenesis.
Recent Term(s) Offered: spring 2015; spring 2017

BIOL 411G   Cell Biology    3 Hours

A lecture series emphasizing the morphological and chemical make-up of cells, the physical and chemical properties of the cell, and modern techniques for investigation of cellular functions.
Recent Term(s) Offered: spring 2015; summer 2015; spring 2016; spring 2017; summer 2017

BIOL 412G   Lab Cell Biology    1 Hour

A laboratory course correlated with BIOL 411G.
Course Fee: $20
Recent Term(s) Offered: spring 2015

BIOL 415G   Ecological Methods    3 Hours

A course emphasizing the collection, manipulation and analysis of ecological data using a variety of techniques in aquatic and terrestrial habits.
Prerequisite(s): BIOL 315 or permission of instructor.
Grade Mode: Non-graded
Recent Term(s) Offered: None

BIOL 446G   Biochemistry I    3 Hours

Biochemical compounds and their role in metabolism.
Recent Term(s) Offered: fall 2015; spring 2017; summer 2017; fall 2017

BIOL 447G   Lab Biochemistry I    2 Hours

Selected experiments which illustrate biochemical principles. Five hours per week.
Course Fee: $35
Recent Term(s) Offered: fall 2015

BIOL 450G   Recombinant Gene Technology    3 Hours

Discovery-based laboratory emphasizing application of basic techniques to solve student-defined problems. Problems in characterization and expression of genetic material are explored. Laboratory, six hours.
Course Fee: $20
Recent Term(s) Offered: None

BIOL 456G   Ichthyology    4 Hours

Fishes of the world, their physiology, structure, behavior, and ecology. Emphasis on the collection and identification of freshwater species of Kentucky. Lecture, two hours; laboratory, four hours.
Grade Mode: Non-graded
Recent Term(s) Offered: spring 2015; fall 2017

BIOL 457G   Herpetology    4 Hours

An introduction to the classification and biology of reptiles and amphibians.
Recent Term(s) Offered: spring 2016

BIOL 458G   Fisheries Management    4 Hours

A study of the factors affecting fish populations. Topics covered include life history traits, sampling techniques, management practices, and policies regulating the management of fish populations. Off-campus and overnight weekend field trips are required.
Grade Mode: Non-graded
Course Fee: $25
Recent Term(s) Offered: fall 2015

BIOL 459G   Mammalogy    3 Hours

Taxonomy, life history and ecology of the mammals. Laboratory work includes field studies and collection and study of specimens. Lecture two hours; laboratory two hours.
Grade Mode: Non-graded
Recent Term(s) Offered: spring 2016

BIOL 460G   Parasitology    4 Hours

The morphology, physiology, life histories, control and economic significance of representative species. Lecture, two hours; laboratory, four hours.
Grade Mode: Non-graded
Course Fee: $20
Recent Term(s) Offered: None

BIOL 464G   Endocrinology    3 Hours

Endocrinology is the study of hormones. This course will provide a general survey of endocrinology, with specific emphasis upon the physiology of the endocrine system among different vertebrate groups, including humans.
Recent Term(s) Offered: fall 2015; fall 2017

BIOL 467G   Biochemistry II    3 Hours

The reactions of living systems and an introduction to the mechanisms and energetics of metabolism. Lecture.
Recent Term(s) Offered: spring 2016

BIOL 470G   Pathogenic Microbiology    4 Hours

A study of the organisms causing disease with emphasis on bacteria. Includes pathogenic bacteria, viruses, rickettsiae, fungi and protozoa. Lecture, two hours; laboratory, four hours.
Grade Mode: Non-graded
Recent Term(s) Offered: spring 2016

BIOL 472G   Applied and Environmental Microbiology    4 Hours

The study of the roles of microorganisms in food preservation, fermentation, spoilage and food intoxication. Production of microbial products of industrial interest; application of modern microbiological techniques to industrial processes; interrelationships between micro-organisms and their environment.
Grade Mode: Non-graded
Recent Term(s) Offered: None

BIOL 473G   Cave and Karst Environment    3 Hours

Discussion of biological diversity, groundwater and humanity's role in utilizing and conserving the unique features of karst areas and use of these areas in teaching. Course does not count toward the M.S. Options.
Prerequisite(s): BIOL 120/BIOL 121 or equivalent.
Recent Term(s) Offered: None

BIOL 475G   Independent Topics/Biology    1-3 Hours (repeatable max of 6 hrs)

Significant problems and developments of current interest in biology.
Recent Term(s) Offered: spring 2015

BIOL 485G   Field Biology    1-4 Hours

An intensive field experience on a biological or ecological topic.
Recent Term(s) Offered: None

BIOL 490G   Plants as Alternative Therapeutics    3 Hours

An exploration of plants used in traditional systems of medicine with emphasis on their pharmacological implications as evidenced in modern clinical research. The therapeutic actions of phytochemicals, vis-a-vis different human illnesses (cardiovascular, gastrointestinal, respiratory, autoimmune psychosomatic disorders; cancer, AIDS, skin diseases, etc.) will be examined.
Prerequisite(s): Consent of instructor.
Recent Term(s) Offered: summer 2015; summer 2016; summer 2017

BIOL 495G   Molecular Genetics    3 Hours

A study of the molecular basis of genetics and heredity of prokaryotic and eukaryotic organisms.
Recent Term(s) Offered: fall 2015; fall 2016; fall 2017

BIOL 496G   Plant Biotechnology    4 Hours

A course designed to illustrate the current advances in plant biotechnology and their potential application in agriculture, health and environment.
Recent Term(s) Offered: spring 2017

BIOL 497G   Aquatic Field Ecology    4 Hours

An integrated study of aquatic ecosystem structure and function emphasizing the physical and chemical properties of water and application of biological field methods. This course requires off-campus and overnight travel.
Grade Mode: Non-graded
Course Fee: $20
Recent Term(s) Offered: fall 2016

BIOL 500   Introduction to Graduate Studies and Research in Biology    3 Hours

Introduction to research techniques and experimental design, with an emphasis on on-going research at WKU. Also includes an introduction to research-related resources at WKU.
Recent Term(s) Offered: summer 2015; fall 2015; spring 2016; fall 2016; spring 2017; fall 2017

BIOL 501   Biological Perspectives    3-4 Hours

Designed to acquaint graduate students with advances in the biological sciences and practical applications of biological principles. Lecture, three hours; or lecture, three hours, laboratory, two hours.
Grade Mode: Non-graded
Recent Term(s) Offered: spring 2017

BIOL 503   Contemporary Research/Biology    1 Hour

Participants will present a research article on a topic of their choice to the class. A critical appraisal of the research approach, methods, results and interpretation of results will be stressed. Requires participation in critical discussions of all presentations. The course may be taken as often as wished but only once for credit toward a degree program.
Prerequisite(s): Admission to biology graduate program.
Recent Term(s) Offered: spring 2016; fall 2017

BIOL 505   Aquatic Insect Ecology    2 Hours

Ecological functions, evolutionary adaptations, and indicators of environmental quality of aquatic insects.
Prerequisite(s): Graduate standing or permission of instructor.
Recent Term(s) Offered: None

BIOL 506   Environmental Seminar    1 Hour (repeatable max of 3 hrs)

Designed for future environmental practitioners, this course will provide real world examples of environmental jobs and research projects. The course will impart a broad understanding of environmental science from a multi-disciplinary perspective. Required for the MS Environmental Science emphasis degrees.
Recent Term(s) Offered: None

BIOL 507   Science Concepts for Elementary Teachers    3 Hours

This course provides basic background to the KY Core Contents in science that elementary teachers are required to teach along with discipline-specific strategies and best-practices that can be implemented in the classroom. National Boards "Big Ideas", inquiry learning and implementation of math and science will be integrated into this course to provide beginning teachers the tools necessary to conduct dynamic science classes.
Course Fee: $20
Recent Term(s) Offered: None

BIOL 515   Advanced Ecology    3 Hours

Essential dynamic features of plant and animal populations. Covers the theoretical and empirical aspects of single populations, or pairs of interacting populations, and of whole communities.
Recent Term(s) Offered: None

BIOL 516   Investigations/Biology    1-3 Hours (repeatable max of 3 hrs)

Research project completed under faculty supervision. Not applicable to MS thesis option.
Prerequisite(s): Permission of research project director.
Recent Term(s) Offered: spring 2015; summer 2015; fall 2015; spring 2016; summer 2016; fall 2016; spring 2017; fall 2017

BIOL 518   Population Ecology    2 Hours

Investigation of the theories and models used to describe and predict populations. Includes applications in population projection and harvesting, as well as two-species interactions.
Prerequisite(s): Permission of instructor.
Recent Term(s) Offered: None

BIOL 519   International Wildlife Management and Policy    2 Hours

Exploration of the major wildlife management models used in various countries, emphasizing North America, Europe and Africa. Economic ramifications of these models and international treaty obligations relating to the wildlife trade are investigated.
Prerequisite(s): Permission of instructor.
Recent Term(s) Offered: spring 2015

BIOL 522   Biological Systematics    4 Hours

Study of systematic theory and practice with a focus on current controversies. Taxonomic methods will be evaluated with an emphasis upon the use of taxonomic tools to reconstruct evolutionary relationships. Lecture, three hours; laboratory, two hours.
Prerequisite(s): Consent of instructor.
Grade Mode: Non-graded
Recent Term(s) Offered: None

BIOL 523   Biological Symbioses and Host-Parasite Associations    3 Hours

Exploration of biological symbioses, emphasizing patterns and processes of biological coevolution. Host-parasite systems are explored in detail, with a focus on classic and current coevolutionary and cospeciation systems.
Prerequisite(s): Graduate standing.
Recent Term(s) Offered: fall 2016

BIOL 524   Evolution and Ecological Genetics    3 Hours

Advanced treatment of natural selection as a mechanism of evolution. Interaction of ecological, behavioral and genetic systems in driving evolutionary change at various levels of organization is emphasized.
Grade Mode: Non-graded
Recent Term(s) Offered: fall 2015; spring 2017

BIOL 526   Physiological Ecology    3 Hours

Study of the physiological adaptations of organisms that enhance their survival and/or permit them to exploit extreme environments.
Recent Term(s) Offered: spring 2015; spring 2017

BIOL 530   Animal Behavior    4 Hours

A comparative approach to a study of the current understanding of physiological mechanisms involved at the organismal level in transducing environmental input into adaptive behavioral output.
Grade Mode: Non-graded
Recent Term(s) Offered: None

BIOL 532   Behavioral Ecology    3 Hours

An investigation of animals in reference to their evolution and interactions with others emphasizing behavior related to their survival and reproduction in a natural context.
Prerequisite(s): Graduate standing.
Recent Term(s) Offered: spring 2016; fall 2017

BIOL 533   Behavioral Ecology Laboratory    2 Hours

A field and laboratory investigation of the methodology to study the actions of animals in reference to their evolution, environment and interactions with other organisms.
Prerequisite(s): Graduate standing.
Recent Term(s) Offered: fall 2017

BIOL 534   Chemical Ecology    3 Hours

The study of chemical ecology emphasizes the concepts and evolution of chemical signals, the methods for identification, the mechanisms by which such signals act, their functions and applications.
Recent Term(s) Offered: summer 2015; fall 2015

BIOL 535   Analytical Biochemistry    3 Hours

An overview of the science of modern analytical and instrumental techniques with emphasis on techniques relevant to measurements in biochemistry and biology.
Recent Term(s) Offered: None

BIOL 543   Environmental Science Concepts    3 Hours

Explores the inter-relationship among the science and technical disciplines that contribute to our understanding of the environment as a whole. Introduces research methods and core environmental science concepts. Prepares students to examine environmental science questions with an interdisciplinary outlook.
Recent Term(s) Offered: fall 2016

BIOL 545   Animal Communication    3 Hours

An investigation of the principles and mechanisms by which animals produce and receive signals for each sensory modality (sound detection, vision, chemoreception,and electroreception).
Prerequisite(s): Graduate standing.
Recent Term(s) Offered: summer 2015; summer 2016; fall 2016; summer 2017

BIOL 550   Introduction to Biological Applications in Homeland Security    3 Hours

An introductory course in biological principals for students in Homeland Security with a limited biology background. Topics include cell structure/function, cellular information and energy flow, immune function, cellular and population genetics.
Recent Term(s) Offered: None

BIOL 552   Biological Applications in Homeland Security I    3 Hours

An advanced study of biological phenomena relevant to Homeland Security Concerns. Biol Apps to HLS I will focus on the recognized groups of pathogenic organisms to human and selected crops. Topics to be covered are types of pathogens, pathogenicity and virulence, control and detection, and dispersal mechanisms. Also, the immune response to infectious disease will be covered in depth with special attention toward understanding the functionality of the antibody.
Corequisite(s): BIOL 553.
Prerequisite(s): BIOL 550 or permission of instructor.
Recent Term(s) Offered: None

BIOL 553   Laboratory: Biological Applications in Homeland Security I    1 Hour (repeatable max of 3 hrs)

The laboratory will provide students with knowledge in laboratory safety and manipulation, identification, and enumeration of microbial and viral cultures.
Corequisite(s): BIOL 552.
Prerequisite(s): BIOL 550 or equivalent.
Recent Term(s) Offered: None

BIOL 555   Laboratory: Biological Applications in Homeland Security II    1 Hour (repeatable max of 3 hrs)

The laboratory will provide students with knowledge in laboratory immunological methodologies and analytical methods in DNA forensics.
Corequisite(s): EOHS 572.
Prerequisite(s): BIOL 552/BIOL 553 or permission of instructor.
Recent Term(s) Offered: None

BIOL 560   Advanced Cell Biology    3 Hours

Lecture-discussion course designed to understand structure and function of differentiated cells of multicellular organisms. Textbook readings, review articles and current research papers will be incorporated into lectures and discussions.
Recent Term(s) Offered: fall 2017

BIOL 561   Human Parasitology    3 Hours

Course will emphasize the major parasitic pathogens and parasitic diseases of humans through lectures, case studies, digital images, and discussion of scientific literature.
Prerequisite(s): Admission to Master's Program in Biology.
Recent Term(s) Offered: None

BIOL 562   Advanced Biochemistry    3 Hours

Survey of biochemical research areas where significant advances have been made in recent years. Textbook readings, review articles and current research papers will be incorporated into lectures and discussions.
Grade Mode: Non-graded
Recent Term(s) Offered: fall 2017

BIOL 566   Advanced Molecular Genetics    3 Hours

Consideration of the molecular mechanisms for replication, gene expression and regulation of development.
Recent Term(s) Offered: spring 2015; spring 2016

BIOL 568   Advanced Microbiology    3 Hours

Study of microbial metabolic and genetic diversity, phylogeny and evolution, and ecology, including a consideration of research methodologies applicable to microorganisms. Lecture, three hours; laboratory, two hours.
Grade Mode: Non-graded
Recent Term(s) Offered: fall 2016

BIOL 569   Professional Work/Career Experience in Biology    1-3 Hours (repeatable max of 3 hrs)

Practical experience in a supervised work situation with a cooperative business, industry, non-governmental, or governmental agency, emphasizing application of advanced knowledge and skills in specified areas of biology.
Recent Term(s) Offered: spring 2015

BIOL 570   Advanced Immunology    3 Hours

Cellular, biochemical, and molecular mechanisms of the immune response of multicellular organisms. Emphasis is on current scientific literature in the field.
Recent Term(s) Offered: fall 2015

BIOL 577   Advanced Marine Biology    3 Hours

Marine organisms are examined within a framework of basic biological principles and processes that are fundamental to all forms of life in the sea, including evolution, ecology, biodiversity, biogeography, behavior, and physiology.
Prerequisite(s): Graduate standing.
Recent Term(s) Offered: None

BIOL 579   Mechanistic Toxicology    3 Hours

A course that examines how toxic substances interact with living organisms, while integrating aspects of biochemistry, anatomy and physiology, ecology, and health. Emphasis is placed on the effects of xenobiotics on human systems, particularly the mechanisms of action, detoxification and adverse effects on target organs.
Prerequisite(s): Graduate standing.
Recent Term(s) Offered: None

BIOL 582   Biometry    3 Hours

Application of statistical and techniques to problems in biological sciences. Emphasis is placed on hypothesis testing, use of linear models, randomization techniques, and non-parametric methods.
Prerequisite(s): Graduate standing.
Recent Term(s) Offered: fall 2015; fall 2016

BIOL 583   Advanced Biostatistics    3 Hours

Advanced analysis of biological data, including multivariate methods, multiple model inference, and Monte Carlo methods.
Prerequisite(s): BIOL 582.
Recent Term(s) Offered: None

BIOL 587   Environmental Law, Regulations, and Policy    3 Hours

An introduction to major environmental legislation for air, water, toxic and hazardous pollutants, and related legislative, administrative, and judicial developments. A broad overview of legal practices focused on specific regulatory programs.
Recent Term(s) Offered: None

BIOL 598   Graduate Seminar    2 Hours

Oral presentation on selected topics in biology.
Recent Term(s) Offered: spring 2015; fall 2015; spring 2016; fall 2016; spring 2017; fall 2017

BIOL 599   Thesis Research/Writing    1-6 Hours (repeatable max of 9 hrs)

Thesis research and writing directed by faculty committee.
Grade Mode: Pass/Fail
Recent Term(s) Offered: spring 2015; summer 2015; fall 2015; spring 2016; summer 2016; fall 2016; spring 2017; summer 2017; fall 2017

BIOL 600   Maintaining Matriculation    1-6 Hours (repeatable max of 6 hrs)

Continued enrollment for thesis completion.
Grade Mode: Non-graded
Recent Term(s) Offered: spring 2016; spring 2017

BIOL 601   Internship in College Instruction    1 Hour (repeatable max of 2 hrs)

Designed for prospective teachers of biology. Staff direction in preparing and giving lectures. Includes analyses of presentation and techniques.
Recent Term(s) Offered: spring 2015

BIOL 675   Independent Advanced Topics/Biology    1-3 Hours (repeatable max of 6 hrs)

Selected topics in Biology.
Recent Term(s) Offered: spring 2015; fall 2015; winter 2016; spring 2016; fall 2016; spring 2017