Undergraduate Catalog 2021-2022

Department of Earth, Environmental, and Atmospheric Sciences

Dr. Leslie North, Chair

Environmental Sciences and Technology Building, Office 305
Phone: 270-745-4555
Website: http://www.wku.edu/geoweb

The Department of Earth, Environmental, and Atmospheric Science offers three undergraduate programs and one certificate program:

  • B.S. in Geological Sciences with two concentrations (Geology and Environmental Earth Science).
  • B.S in Environmental, Sustainability, and Geographic Studies.
  • B.S. in Meteorology.
  • Undergraduate certificate Geographic Information Systems (GIS).

These programs are designed to meet the career goals of students in a wide variety of geoscience areas such as atmospheric science, environment/sustainability, cultural/physical geography, geology, environmental earth science, and GIS-geospatial science.  The Department's BS programs also provide a strong educational foundation for students interested in continuing their education in graduate school.

Descriptions and course requirements of each bachelor’s program and the undergraduate certificate in GIS are found below.

A five-year bachelors/masters program (JUMP program) is available for students to graduate with a BS degree in one of the Department's undergraduate programs and a Master’s degree in Geoscience.  The JUMP is available so that motivated students can focus their research interests early in their program of study.  The Department's JUMP allows students to earn a bachelors and Master’s degree in an expedited time frame.

Faculty

Professor

Catherine M. Algeo PhD (Geography), Louisiana State University & A&M College, 1998

Joshua D. Durkee PhD (Geography), University of Georgia, 2002

Xingang Fan PhD (Atmospheric Sciences, Synoptic Dynamics), Lanzhou University, 1996

Margaret M. Gripshover PhD (Geography), University of Tennessee, Knoxville, 1995

Christopher G. Groves PhD (Environmental Science), University of Virginia, 1993

Michael T. May PhD (Geological Sciences), Indiana University-Bloomington, 1992

Jason Polk PhD (Geography and Environmental Science and Policy), University of South Florida, 2009

Jun Yan PhD (Geography), SUNY College at Buffalo, 2004

Associate Professor

MD R. Gani PhD (Geosciences), University of Texas at Dallas, 2005

Nahid Gani PhD (Geosciences), University of Texas at Dallas, 2006

Gregory B. Goodrich PhD (Geography), Arizona State University-ALL, 2005

Leslie A. North PhD (Geography and Environmental Science and Policy), University of South Florida, 2011

Andrew H. Wulff PhD (Geosciences), University of Massachusetts, 1999

Assistant Professor

Jill R. Brown MS (Geoscience), Western Kentucky University, 2002

Instructor II

Margaret E. Crowder EdD (Educational Leadership, Postsecondary Leadership), Western Kentucky University, 2012

Patricia N. Kambesis PhD (Earth and Atmospheric Sciences), Mississippi State University, 2014

Amy T. Nemon MS (Geoscience), Western Kentucky University, 2007

Geographic Info Science (GISC)

GISC 216    Geotech in a Global Community    3 Hours

Introduces the purpose, operation and application of Geographic Information Science technologies in contemporary society. This course cannot be substituted for any other GIS course. Colonnade/Statewide General Education Code K-LG | SB

Prerequisite(s): 21 hours of Foundations and Explorations Courses, or junior status

Course Fee: $50

Recent Term(s) Offered: winter 2019; spring 2019; summer 2019; fall 2019; spring 2020; summer 2020; fall 2020; spring 2021; fall 2021

GISC 316    Fundamentals of GIS    4 Hours

Fundamentals of GIS data management and cartographic design. Topics include data organization, map projections, scale and accuracy. Hands-on work in geospatial data acquisition, base map development, and map production. Note: Permission of instructor may be required.

Prerequisite(s): (GEOG 103 or GEOL 103 or GEOL 111 or METR 121) and GEOG 110

Course Fee: $50

Recent Term(s) Offered: spring 2019; summer 2019; fall 2019; spring 2020; summer 2020; fall 2020; spring 2021; summer 2021; fall 2021

GISC 317    Geographic Information Systems    4 Hours

The principles, concepts, and applications of GIS. Topics include raster and vector data models, GIS data sources, data acquisition, storage, management, structured query language, relational databases, GIS analysis, and display. Note: Permission of instructor may be required.

Prerequisite(s): GISC 316 with a minimum grade of C

Course Fee: $50

Recent Term(s) Offered: spring 2019; summer 2019; fall 2019; spring 2020; summer 2020; fall 2020; spring 2021; summer 2021; fall 2021

GISC 414    Remote Sensing Fundamentals    4 Hours

Fundamentals of remote sensing theory and application including the electromagnetic spectrum, history of remote sensing, sensing platforms, system limitations, and applications for vegetation studies, land-use change, and environmental management. Course includes a lab component. Note: Permission of instructor may be required.

Prerequisite(s): GISC 317

Course Fee: $50

Recent Term(s) Offered: None

GISC 417    GIS Analysis & Modeling    3 Hours

Develops expertise with a broad range of spatial analysis and modeling functions using GIS. A problem-oriented approach. Note: Permission of instructor may be required.

Prerequisite(s): GISC 317 with a minimum grade of C

Course Fee: $50

Recent Term(s) Offered: fall 2019; spring 2020; summer 2020; fall 2020; spring 2021; summer 2021; fall 2021

GISC 418    Internet GIS    3 Hours

Understanding and utilizing different techniques for creating, analyzing, and disseminating GIS data and services via the Internet. Note: Permission of instructor may be required.

Prerequisite(s): CS 170 with a minimum grade of C and GISC 417 with a minimum grade of C

Course Fee: $50

Recent Term(s) Offered: spring 2019; spring 2020; fall 2020

GISC 419    GIS Programming    3 Hours

Learning the process of expanding GIS functionalities. Customizing a GIS system via computer programming. Note: Permission of instructor may be required.

Prerequisite(s): GISC 317 with a minimum grade of C

Course Fee: $50

Recent Term(s) Offered: spring 2019; spring 2020; summer 2020; fall 2020; spring 2021; summer 2021; fall 2021

GISC 423    GIS and Location Analytics    3 Hours

Explores selected issues related to urban applications of GIS. Developing analytical skills and knowledge in transportation, urban management, locational analysis and business geography. Note: Permission of instructor may be required.

Prerequisite(s): GISC 317 with a minimum grade of C

Course Fee: $50

Recent Term(s) Offered: fall 2019; fall 2020

GISC 443    GIS Databases    3 Hours

The concepts and principles of GIS database planning, design, implementation, and administration. Focuses on the development of state-of-the-art GIS databases. Note: Permission of instructor may be required.

Prerequisite(s): CS 170 with a minimum grade of C and GISC 417 with a minimum grade of C

Course Fee: $50

Recent Term(s) Offered: fall 2020

GISC 477    Special Topics in GIS    3 Hours (repeatable max of 6 hrs)

Applications of GIS technologies in selected technical areas such as 3D GIS and Enterprise GIS or directed research of a selected domain-specific problem. Repeatable once for credit. Note: Permission of instructor may be required.

Prerequisite(s): GISC 417 with a minimum grade of C and GISC 443 with a minimum grade of C

Course Fee: $10

Recent Term(s) Offered: winter 2019

Geography (GEOG)

GEOG 103    Our Dynamic Planet    3 Hours

Introduction to the spatial dimension of Earth's dynamic systems and how they affect people. These include the atmosphere, hydrosphere, and lithosphere. Colonnade/Statewide General Education Code E-NS | NS

Equivalent(s): GEOL 103

Recent Term(s) Offered: spring 2019; summer 2019; fall 2019; spring 2020; summer 2020; fall 2020; winter 2021; spring 2021; summer 2021; fall 2021

GEOG 110    World Regional Geography    3 Hours

A general survey of the political, social, and ecological systems of the world. The course is concerned with the complexity and diversity of world peoples and cultures. Colonnade/Statewide General Education Code E-SB | SB

Recent Term(s) Offered: winter 2019; spring 2019; summer 2019; fall 2019; winter 2020; spring 2020; summer 2020; fall 2020; winter 2021; spring 2021; summer 2021; fall 2021

GEOG 175    University Experience-Geography    2 Hours

Transition to university experience. Topics include study skills, critical thinking skills, library education, exploration of majors and careers, degree programs, campus resources, and personal development. Special attention is given to educational requirements, careers and resources in the geosciences. Note: For beginning college freshmen or transfer students with fewer than 24 semester hours of credit.

Restriction(s): Students with a semester level of Junior, Sophomore or Senior may not enroll.

Recent Term(s) Offered: fall 2019; fall 2020; fall 2021

GEOG 196    Phys Geog Recitation Lab    1 Hour

The physical geography recitation lab is designed to support and enhance the lecture material through practical exercises and problem solving. Map analysis is stressed, as well as critical thinking related to current issues and events. No category D Lab credit.

Corequisite(s): GEOG 100

Recent Term(s) Offered: None

GEOG 198    Regional Geog Recitation Lab    1 Hour

The world regional geography recitation lab is designed to support the lecture material through practical exercises and problem solving. Map analysis is stressed, as well as critical thinking related to current issues and events.

Corequisite(s): GEOG 110

Recent Term(s) Offered: None

GEOG 200    Latin American Society: Past and Present    3 Hours

This course is a broad, interdisciplinary introduction to the study of Latin America, emphasizing regions, peoples, and cultures. Colonnade/Statewide General Education Code K-SC

Prerequisite(s): 21 hours of Foundations and Explorations Courses, or junior status

Equivalent(s): HIST 200, PS 200, SPAN 200, ANTH 200

Recent Term(s) Offered: fall 2019; fall 2020; fall 2021

GEOG 210    Environment and Ecological Policy    3 Hours

A survey of the geography, history, and current conditions of environmental policy and regulation development, particularly in the United States, with an emphasis on humans as an integral component of the natural environment.

Recent Term(s) Offered: fall 2019

GEOG 225    Visualizing Geography    3 Hours

Visualizing Geography uses photographs, maps, and illustrations to explain the diversity of human societies, political systems, resources, and population movement across space and time, from local communities to our incresingly interconnected world. Colonnade/Statewide General Education Code K-SY

Prerequisite(s): 21 hours of Foundations and Explorations Courses, or junior status

Recent Term(s) Offered: spring 2019; fall 2019; fall 2020; spring 2021

GEOG 226    Our Dangerous Planet    3 Hours

Introduction to how normal Earth processes concentrate their energies to create devastating impacts to humans and the built environment, with emphasis on survival techniques. Colonnade/Statewide General Education Code K-SY

Prerequisite(s): 21 hours of Foundations and Explorations Courses, or junior status

Recent Term(s) Offered: spring 2019; summer 2019; fall 2019; spring 2020; summer 2020; fall 2020; spring 2021; fall 2021

GEOG 227    Our Vulnerable Planet    3 Hours

Explore how anthropogenic processes such as climate change, pollution, urban sprawl, deforestation, and desertification impact the people on Earth and its ecosystems. Does not count towards a major or minor in Geography if GEOG 280 is taken as part of the degree requirements. Colonnade/Statewide General Education Code K-SY

Prerequisite(s): 21 hours of Foundations and Explorations Courses, or junior status

Recent Term(s) Offered: spring 2019; summer 2019; fall 2019; spring 2020; summer 2020; fall 2020; summer 2021

GEOG 275    Supervised Independent Research in Geography    1-3 Hours (repeatable max of 6 hrs)

Restricted to freshmen, sophomores, and Gatton Academy students. A study of a selected problem under the supervision of a faculty member. Note: Pemrission of instructor required.

Prerequisite(s): METR 121

Recent Term(s) Offered: None

GEOG 280    Environmental Science and Sustainability    4 Hours

A general understanding of how the environment functions, the complexity of human-environmental interactions, and the application of geoscience in solving environmental problems. Lab component provides practical experiences associated with the theories outlined in the course content.. Colonnade/Statewide General Education Code E-NS, E-SL | NS

Course Fee: $10

Recent Term(s) Offered: spring 2019; fall 2019; spring 2020; fall 2020; spring 2021; summer 2021; fall 2021

GEOG 295    Introduction to Research Methodology    1 Hour

To familiarize Ogden Research Scholars and other research oriented students with the fundamentals of choosing a research topic, performing a bibliographical search on a subject, classification of instruments, data taking, data reduction, professional ethics and other research oriented topics. The common points of research methodology in the different scientific areas will be accentuated. Examples will be drawn from the various disciplines. Use of computers will be emphasized. (Course does not count towards any major or minor.)

Recent Term(s) Offered: None

GEOG 300    Writing in the Geosciences    3 Hours

Students conduct investigations into writing, reading, and research conventions in the geosciences and receive advanced instruction in planning, drafting, arranging, revising, and editing geoscience-specific essays and research projects. Colonnade/Statewide General Education Code F-W2 | WC

Prerequisite(s): GEOG 110 and ENG 100 and (GEOG 103 or GEOL 103 or GEOL 111 or METR 121)

Recent Term(s) Offered: spring 2019; fall 2019; spring 2020; fall 2020; spring 2021; fall 2021

GEOG 310    Global Hydrology    3 Hours

An introduction to descriptive and quantitative hydrology. The hydrologic cycle precipitation, evaporation, and transpiration are covered under descriptive hydrology. Hydrographs, runoff relations, groundwater, and storage routing are covered under quantitative hydrology.

Prerequisite(s): (GEOL 111 or GEOG 103 or GEOL 103)

Equivalent(s): GEOL 310

Recent Term(s) Offered: None

GEOG 328    Elements of Biogeography    3 Hours

An examination of the spatial interaction and distribution of global biomes. This course examines, through examples at a variety of spatial and ecological scales, the development of human-induced and naturally-occurring biogeographical changes.

Recent Term(s) Offered: None

GEOG 330    Introduction to Cultural Geography    3 Hours

An overview of core concepts in cultural geography based on five major themes: region, mobility, globalization, nature-culture, and cultural landscape. Field trips required. Colonnade/Statewide General Education Code K-SC

Prerequisite(s): 21 hours of Foundations and Explorations Courses, or junior status

Recent Term(s) Offered: spring 2019; summer 2019; fall 2019; spring 2020; summer 2020; fall 2020; spring 2021; summer 2021; fall 2021

GEOG 344    Environmental Ethics    3 Hours

Examination of how environmental ethics and philosophy determine the use and alteration of the natural environment by humans. Analysis of human responsibility towards protecting the environment, environmental decision-making, sustainable development, and respect for indigenous cultures.

Prerequisite(s): GEOG 280

Recent Term(s) Offered: None

GEOG 350    Economic Geography    3 Hours

This course examines the functional interrelationships among economic activities and areas in the consumption, production, and exchange of goods and services. Colonnade/Statewide General Education Code SB

Recent Term(s) Offered: spring 2019

GEOG 352    Geography of Kentucky    3 Hours

No course description is available

Recent Term(s) Offered: spring 2019; summer 2019; fall 2019; spring 2020; summer 2020; fall 2020; spring 2021; summer 2021; fall 2021

GEOG 360    Geography of North America    3 Hours

Analysis of selected problems related to natural conditions, land use, settlement patterns, and regional structure of the United States and Canada. Colonnade/Statewide General Education Code SB

Recent Term(s) Offered: spring 2019; summer 2019; fall 2019; spring 2020; summer 2020; fall 2020; spring 2021; summer 2021; fall 2021

GEOG 364    Geography of Europe    3 Hours

A geographic analysis of Europe. Aspects of regional integration, with a focus on the European Community, and problems of economic growth in disadvantaged regions.

Prerequisite(s): GEOG 110

Recent Term(s) Offered: None

GEOG 378    Food, Culture, and Environment    3 Hours

Exploration of geographical patterns of agricultural production and cuisine through the intersection of environment, technology and culture. Field trips required. Students will share the cost of several meals. Colonnade/Statewide General Education Code K-LG

Prerequisite(s): 21 hours of Foundations and Explorations Courses, or junior status

Course Fee: $15

Recent Term(s) Offered: spring 2019; spring 2020

GEOG 380    Global Sustainability    3 Hours

An introduction to the major themes and scientific principles of sustainability, with an emphasis on developing critical thinking skills. Colonnade/Statewide General Education Code K-LG

Prerequisite(s): (GEOG 280 21 hours of Foundations and Explorations Courses, or junior status and (GEOG 280 with a minimum grade of C or GEOG 103 or GEOL 103)

Recent Term(s) Offered: spring 2019; fall 2019; spring 2020; spring 2021

GEOG 385    Society, Resources, and Climate    3 Hours

Discussion of global climate change from a societal and resource perspective; particularly how humans affect global climate change through population size, natural resource use, policy implementation, personal behavior, and societal norms, and vice versa. Colonnade/Statewide General Education Code K-SC

Prerequisite(s): 21 hours of Foundations and Explorations Courses, or junior status and GEOG 110 and GEOG 280

Equivalent(s): EDU 385

Recent Term(s) Offered: None

GEOG 386    Geography of Potent Potables:Brewing, Distilling, and Wine Making    3 Hours

Students explore the geographies of alcoholic beverages, including the patterns of production, distribution, and consumption of beer, distilled spirits, and wine, and associated cultural and environmental impacts. Breweries, wineries, and distilleries are important elements of many diverse cultural and economic landscapes and reflect local geographies and global influences. The role of location is explored as it relates to such topics as access to raw materials, terroir, the rise of craft breweries and distilleries, sustainability, and cultural attitudes toward the production and consumption of alcoholic beverages. Colonnade/Statewide General Education Code K-LG

Prerequisite(s): 21 hours of Foundations and Explorations Courses, or junior status

Recent Term(s) Offered: spring 2019; spring 2020; spring 2021

GEOG 391    Geoscience Data Analysis    4 Hours

Statistical concepts and methods emphasizing their applications in a spatial context. Statistical description and hypothesis testing. Visualization analysis of spatial patterns and relationships. Note: Special permission of instructor may be required.

Prerequisite(s): (MATH 183 or MATH 136) and GISC 316

Course Fee: $50

Recent Term(s) Offered: spring 2019; fall 2019; spring 2020; fall 2020; fall 2021

GEOG 420    Geomorphology    3 Hours (repeatable max of 4 hrs)

The study of the origin, history, and characteristics of landforms produced by fluvial, glacial, wind, and wave erosion and mass-wasting and ground water or by a combination of these, acting upon the major types of earth materials and structures. Laboratory work includes the interpretation of topographic and geologic maps, air photos, and stereopairs. A field trip may be required. .

Prerequisite(s): (GEOL 111 or GEOG 103 or GEOL 103)

Equivalent(s): GEOL 420

Recent Term(s) Offered: fall 2019

GEOG 425    Political Geography    3 Hours

A study of the political system as a spatial phenomenon from pre-literate forms and socio-political integration to the nation-state and other modern forms of political unification. Examples from local, metropolitan-regional, national, and international levels. Note: Permission of instructor required.

Recent Term(s) Offered: spring 2019; spring 2021

GEOG 427    Water Resource Management    3 Hours

Examines the use, management, and conservation of water resources. Discusses environmental, economic, political, and social implications of water usage, as well as emerging trends in water availability, pollution, regulation, and technology.

Prerequisite(s): (GEOL 310 or GEOG 310)

Recent Term(s) Offered: spring 2019; fall 2021

GEOG 430    Topics in Cultural Geography    3 Hours

Examines the concept of culture as it relates to the geographic landscape. Topics include the built environment, symbolic landscapes, representation of place in film, literature, photography, music, subaltern geographies, landscapes, and cultures of work and place-situated identity. Course provides an overview of research methods and themes in cultural geography. Field trip and field research required.

Prerequisite(s): GEOG 330

Recent Term(s) Offered: None

GEOG 434    Historic Preservation Planning    3 Hours

An overview of historic preservation methods and practice. The course will include an overview of the historic preservation movement in the United States and an examination of preservation law and methodology. A field project is required.

Equivalent(s): FLK 434

Recent Term(s) Offered: None

GEOG 452    Applied Geoscience Field Experiences    1-6 Hours (repeatable max of 12 hrs)

Applied geoscience experiences in a variety of field-based settings, including, but not limited to, Study Abroad and Study Away programs, field camps, and extended fieldtrips to national or international settings. Colonnade/Statewide General Education Code K-LG

Prerequisite(s): 21 hours of Foundations and Explorations Courses, or junior status

Recent Term(s) Offered: winter 2019; spring 2019; summer 2019; spring 2020

GEOG 455    Global Climate Change    3 Hours

Explores the science behind global climate change, including how models, observations,and proxies are used to understand and predict past and future climate, international perspectives on global climate change, and mitigation strategies put forth by the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change. Note: Permission of instructor may be required.

Prerequisite(s): GEOG 280

Recent Term(s) Offered: fall 2020

GEOG 459    Advanced Hydrology    3 Hours

Builds upon the principles of descriptive and quantitative hydrology using a geologic- and calculus-based approach to understanding the Earth's hydrologic cycle. Includes components of atmospheric, surface, and ground waters and the principles of fluid dynamics that govern the physical and chemical processes that affect water and its behavior in the natural world.

Prerequisite(s): MATH 136 with a minimum grade of C and (GEOG 310 or GEOL 310) or (GEOG 420 or GEOL 420)

Recent Term(s) Offered: None

GEOG 461    Karst Environments    3 Hours

Provides a fundamental understanding of karst, focusing on the processes, landforms, and evolution of karst landscapes over time, with an emphasis on the characterization, distribution, and function of various karst environments. Field trips and field-based exercises are required. Note: Permission of instructor may be required.

Prerequisite(s): (GEOG 310 or GEOL 310) or GEOG 420

Recent Term(s) Offered: spring 2020

GEOG 462    Geography of South America    3 Hours

Analysis of the physical and cultural bases of South America's geographical patterns with an emphasis on problems of urban and regional development. Note: Permission of instructor required.

Recent Term(s) Offered: None

GEOG 465    Geography of East Asia    3 Hours

Analysis of selected contemporary geographic issues in East Asia. Emphasis is on a synthesis of various geographic factors and phenomena, including physical, cultural, political, social, and economic systems.

Prerequisite(s): GEOG 110

Recent Term(s) Offered: spring 2020; fall 2020; fall 2021

GEOG 466    Geography of Africa    3 Hours

A geographic survey assessing the relationships of the physical and cultural patterns to actual and potential economic development. Note: Permission of instructor required.

Equivalent(s): AFAM 466

Recent Term(s) Offered: None

GEOG 467    Geography of the Middle East    3 Hours

This course deals with the various aspects of the sequent occupancy of southwestern Asia and surrounding regions. Emphasized are the physical setting, the historic religious geography of the region, and the contemporary scene. Note: Permission of instructor.

Recent Term(s) Offered: None

GEOG 471    Technological Applications in Natural Resource Management    3 Hours

Examines the application of technology to address current resource management challenges and ensure the efficient utilization of natural resources. Discussions may address, but are not limited to, timber, fisheries, oil and gas, and wildlife management. Note: Permission of instructor may be required. Colonnade/Statewide General Education Code SB

Prerequisite(s): GEOG 280 and GISC 316

Recent Term(s) Offered: spring 2019

GEOG 474    Environmental Planning Applications    3 Hours

Integrative topics in environmental science, sustainability, and planning. Emphasis on sustainable community planning and development in urban and rural settings. Students study current models and policies from around the globe. Note: Permission of instructor may be required.

Prerequisite(s): GEOG 280 and GEOG 210

Recent Term(s) Offered: None

GEOG 475    Selected Topics in Geography    1-3 Hours

A study of a selected problem under the supervision of a faculty member. Note: Permission of isntructor may be required.

Restriction(s): Students with a semester level of Academy Junior, Academy Senior, Freshman, Junior or Sophomore may not enroll.

Recent Term(s) Offered: spring 2019; summer 2019; fall 2019; spring 2020; spring 2021; fall 2021

GEOG 480    Sustainable Cities    3 Hours

This course explores the consequences of urban development and the essentials of sustainable urbanism. Topics include environmental and human costs of urbanization, landscape change, mobility, and urban responses to climate change. Colonnade/Statewide General Education Code SB

Recent Term(s) Offered: fall 2020; fall 2021

GEOG 481    Tourism Geography    3 Hours

Examination of concepts, models, and theories in the geography of tourism. Topics include the evolution of patterns of tourism, economic, environmental, and socio-cultural impacts of tourism, sustainable tourism, environmental tourism, ethical tourism, the politics of tourism, and critical analysis of alternative meanings of tourism sites. Local, national, and international examples in both developed and develping countries are discussed. Field trips may be required.

Prerequisite(s): GEOG 110

Recent Term(s) Offered: None

GEOG 486    Seminar in Environmental Science and Sustainability    1-3 Hours (repeatable max of 6 hrs)

Current issues related to sustainability and/or environmental science discussed via invited lecturers, community engagements, and/or department and university-wide seminars. Students are expected to participate in assigned seminar activities throughout the duration of the course.

Recent Term(s) Offered: spring 2021

GEOG 487    Environmental Management and Law    3 Hours

Examination of major legislative, administrative, and judicial management approaches to addressing current environmental conditions related, but not limited to, natural resource consumption and air, water, and hazardous pollutants in the United States and abroad. Note: GEOG 210 required for Geography majors and minors.

Restriction(s): Students with a semester level of Academy Junior, Academy Senior, Freshman, Junior or Sophomore may not enroll.

Recent Term(s) Offered: spring 2020

GEOG 489    Alternatives in Sustainability    3 Hours (repeatable max of 6 hrs)

Addresses aspects of sustainability theory and practice, includng problem-solving and decision-making techniques and critical analyses of prominent sustainability plans. Content focuses on a single topic within the sustainability discipline for the entirety of the course.

Prerequisite(s): GEOG 280

Recent Term(s) Offered: None

GEOG 492    Advanced Geospatial Analytics    3 Hours

Applying advanced spatial analytical techniques in GIS environment. Quantitative analysis in Geosciences is emphasized. Note: Permission of instructor may be required.

Prerequisite(s): GEOG 300 with a minimum grade of C and GEOG 391 with a minimum grade of C

Course Fee: $50

Recent Term(s) Offered: spring 2019; spring 2020; spring 2021

GEOG 495    Research Practicum or Internship    1-9 Hours (repeatable max of 12 hrs)

Supervised research or internship with faculty, government, community, or private concerns. May be repeated for a maximum of 12 credit hours in the major, with a maximum of 6 credit hours permitted in minor programs. Note: Permission of instructor required.

Recent Term(s) Offered: winter 2019; spring 2019; summer 2019; fall 2019; spring 2020; summer 2020; fall 2020; spring 2021; summer 2021; fall 2021

GEOG 499    Professional Preparation    1 Hour

Professional career or graduate school preparation, resume writing, college-to-career transition, professional ethics, graduate school application and requirements, written senior assessment, and selected seminar topics. Outside speakers from industry and academia will be included.

Restriction(s): Students with a semester level of Academy Junior, Academy Senior, Freshman, Junior or Sophomore may not enroll.

Recent Term(s) Offered: fall 2019; fall 2020; fall 2021

Geology (GEOL)

GEOL 103    Our Dynamic Planet    3 Hours

Introduction to the spatial dimension of Earth's dynamic systems and how they affect people. These include the atmosphere, hydrosphere, and lithosphere. Colonnade/Statewide General Education Code E-NS | NS

Equivalent(s): GEOG 103

Recent Term(s) Offered: spring 2019; summer 2019; fall 2019; spring 2020; spring 2021; fall 2021

GEOL 106    Geology and Cinema    1.5 Hour

Examines how Hollywood depicts geology and geologists in movies. Addresses facts and fallacies in selected movies and in so doing explores basic geological processes and Earth materials. No credit for the Geology major or minor.

Recent Term(s) Offered: None

GEOL 107    Backyard Geology    1.5 Hour

Applies basic geologic principles to local surroundings. Explains how geologic processes create local rock forms and structures. Field trips required. No credit for the Geology major or minor.

Recent Term(s) Offered: None

GEOL 111    The Earth    3 Hours

The study of Earth including rocks, mineral resources, energy, soils, surface geologic processes, earthquakes and Earth's interior, global tectonics, hydrology, and environmental geology. Students electing to meet their general education laboratory requirement through GEOL 113 must simultaneously enroll in the GEOL 111 lecture course. Laboratory is required for Geology majors, minors, and some prospective science teachers, but is optional for most others. Colonnade/Statewide General Education Code E-NS | NS

Recent Term(s) Offered: spring 2019; summer 2019; fall 2019; spring 2020; summer 2020; fall 2020; spring 2021; summer 2021; fall 2021

GEOL 112    Earth's Past and Future    3 Hours

Deep time study of Earth, life, and climate to understand how the plantet - our only home - has changed in the past and what this means for the future of human species. Students electing to meet their general education laboratory requirement through GEOL 114 must simultaneously enroll in GEOL 112. Laboratory (GEOL 114) is required for Geology majors and some prospective science teachers, but is optional for most others. Colonnade/Statewide General Education Code E-NS | NS

Recent Term(s) Offered: spring 2019; fall 2019; spring 2020; summer 2020; fall 2020; spring 2021; fall 2021

GEOL 113    The Earth Laboratory    1 Hour

Laboratory work designed to accompany GEOL 111. Minerals, rocks, topographic maps, geologic maps, and aerial photographs are studied. This laboratory is required for Geology majors, minors and some prospective science teachers, but is optional for most others. Colonnade/Statewide General Education Code E-SL | SL

Prerequisite(s): (GEOL 111 (may be taken concurrently) or GEOG 103 (may be taken concurrently) or GEOL 103 (may be taken concurrently))

Course Fee: $15

Recent Term(s) Offered: spring 2019; summer 2019; fall 2019; spring 2020; fall 2020; spring 2021; fall 2021

GEOL 114    Earth's Past and Future Lab    1 Hour

To make it concise and to reflect corresponding changes in GEOL 112 listing. However, the learning objective for the course will remain unchanged. Colonnade/Statewide General Education Code E-SL | SL

Prerequisite(s): GEOL 112 (may be taken concurrently)

Course Fee: $15

Recent Term(s) Offered: spring 2019; fall 2019; spring 2020; fall 2020; spring 2021; fall 2021

GEOL 250    Environmental Geology    3 Hours

Survey of the geologic principles in relation to environmental problems arising from human actions. Topical environmental issues controlled by whole Earth processes, and the use of geologic knowledge in their remediation will be investigated. Colonnade/Statewide General Education Code E-NS, E-SL

Recent Term(s) Offered: fall 2020; spring 2021; fall 2021

GEOL 270    Analytical Techniques in Geology    3 Hours

Basic analytical techniques used to examine and analyze Earth materials. Topics include precision and accuracy, sample preparation, contamination, calibration techniques, analysis of data sets. Note: Permission of instructor may be required.

Prerequisite(s): GEOL 111 and GEOL 112

Course Fee: $50

Recent Term(s) Offered: fall 2019

GEOL 295    Introduction to Research Methodology    1 Hour

To familiarize Ogden Research Scholars and other research oriented students with the fundamentals of choosing a research topic, performing a bibliographical search on a subject, classification of instruments, data taking, data reduction, professional ethics and other research oriented topics. The common points of research methodology in the different scientific areas will be accentuated. Examples will be drawn from the various disciplines. Use of computers will be emphasized. Course does not count toward any major or minor. Note: Ogden Research Scholar, or 3.2 grade point average at the end of freshman year, or OCSTH faculty member recommendation.

Equivalent(s): PHYS 295, CS 295, BIOL 295, CHEM 295, MATH 295, ENGR 295

Recent Term(s) Offered: None

GEOL 301    Geology and Climate: Past and Future    3 Hours

Survey of Earth’s past climate changes, the present state, and what these mean for the future of our planet – our only home. Factors and processes that influence Earth’s climate over a variety of timescales are examined. Colonnade/Statewide General Education Code K-SY

Prerequisite(s): (GEOL 103 or GEOG 103 or GEOL 111 or GEOL 112) and 21 hours of Foundations and Explorations Courses, or junior status

Recent Term(s) Offered: fall 2020; fall 2021

GEOL 305    Earth System Science for Teachers    3 Hours

Collaborative, problem-based learning (PBL) experience, using real-world examples to enhance student understanding of earth system science, with a focus on relevance in science teaching grades K-12. Includes PBL-based lesson plan development. Applicable towards a major in Geology only for those students seeking teacher certification.

Prerequisite(s): (GEOL 111 and GEOL 113) or (GEOL 112 and GEOL 114)

Recent Term(s) Offered: fall 2020

GEOL 310    Global Hydrology    3 Hours

An introduction to descriptive and quantitative hydrology. The hydrologic cycle, precipitation, evaporation, and transpiration will be covered under descriptive hydrology. Hydrographs, runoff relations, ground water, and storage routing will be covered under quantitative hydrology. Consideration is given to use and management of water as a resource.

Prerequisite(s): (GEOL 111 or GEOG 103 or GEOL 103)

Equivalent(s): GEOG 310

Recent Term(s) Offered: fall 2020

GEOL 311    General Oceanography    3 Hours

A course in basic fundamentals pertaining to the geological, chemical, physical and biological aspects of the marine environment. Topics for discussion include the topography, structure and history of the ocean basins and their margins, ocean waters and oceanic circulation, tides and waves, marine geochemistry, ocean sediments and sedimentation, near-shore geologic processes and the ocean as a biogeochemical system. The resources of the ocean and the influence of humans are also considered. Note: Permission of instructor may be required.

Prerequisite(s): GEOL 111 and GEOL 113

Course Fee: $15

Recent Term(s) Offered: spring 2019; spring 2020; spring 2021

GEOL 315    Energy, Climate and Carbon    3 Hours

Energy, Climate and Carbon investigates our current reliance upon carbon-based sources of energy, the effect of fossil-fuel emissions on the environment and climate at local-to-global scales, and current efforts to limit fossil-fuel emissions and global climate change. The course is particularly focused on carbon-capture technologies, geological carbon sequestration and renewable energy resources. Colonnade/Statewide General Education Code K-SY

Prerequisite(s): (GEOL 111 or GEOL 112 or GEOL 103 or GEOG 103) and 21 hours of Foundations and Explorations Courses, or junior status

Recent Term(s) Offered: fall 2019; spring 2020; spring 2021

GEOL 325    Introduction to Minerals and Crystalline Rocks    3 Hours

The sight identification of minerals andcrystalline rocks is stressed. The description, origin and classification, economic uses, and occurrences of the major mineral andcrystalline rock groups are discussed. Appropriate rock and mineral specimens are examined in the laboratory.

Prerequisite(s): (GEOG 103 or GEOL 103 or GEOL 111) and GEOL 113

Recent Term(s) Offered: None

GEOL 330    Mineralogy    4 Hours (repeatable max of 4 hrs)

The systematic study of minerals. Includes crystallography, crystal chemistry, mineral stability, the classification of minerals, and the origin, characteristics and occurrences of the major mineral groups. Laboratory work includes crystal symmetry, mineral identification, and an introduction to the optical microscope. A field trip may be required. Note: One semester of college chemistry or permission of instructor required.

Prerequisite(s): GEOL 111 and GEOL 113

Course Fee: $35

Recent Term(s) Offered: fall 2019; fall 2020; fall 2021

GEOL 350    Petrology    4 Hours (repeatable max of 4 hrs)

The study of the origin, characteristics, occurrence, and classification of igneous and metamorphic rocks, and of the processes that lead to their formation. Their occurrence in relation to plate tectonics is stressed. Laboratory work includes petrographic study of igneous and metamorphic rocks in hand specimen and in thin section. A field trip is required.

Prerequisite(s): GEOL 330

Course Fee: $35

Recent Term(s) Offered: spring 2019; spring 2020; spring 2021

GEOL 360    Sedimentology and Stratigraphy    4 Hours

Introduces sedimentary processes, including sediment origins, erosion, transportation, deposition, and diagenesis. Sedimentation patterns and stratigraphic architecture are studied in the context of depositional and tectonic settings.

Prerequisite(s): GEOL 112 and GEOL 114

Course Fee: $40

Recent Term(s) Offered: spring 2019; spring 2020; spring 2021

GEOL 380    Introductory Field Techniques    3 Hours

Techniques of geological field work. Topics include sampling, rock identification and description, field notes, and the transition from field to laboratory analysis. Field work is required.

Prerequisite(s): GEOL 111 and GEOL 113

Course Fee: $50

Recent Term(s) Offered: fall 2019; fall 2020

GEOL 399    Research Problems in Geology    1-3 Hours (repeatable max of 3 hrs)

Individual research projects are conducted under faculty supervision. May be repeated with a change of content, but only 3 hours will be counted toward the major. A written report is required. Note: Permission of research project director.

Recent Term(s) Offered: spring 2019; fall 2019; spring 2020; fall 2020; spring 2021; fall 2021

GEOL 405    Paleontology    4 Hours (repeatable max of 4 hrs)

A basic course in paleobiology including the nature of the fossil record, preservation, basic factors and theories relating to the origin and development of living systems and the process of evolution, the species concept, systematics, and paleoecology. Major invertebrate taxa with a significant fossil record are also studied. Laboratory work includes the examination, description, and classification of fossil specimens. Note: Permission of instructor may be required.

Prerequisite(s): GEOL 112 and GEOL 114 and BIOL 122 and BIOL 123

Course Fee: $40

Recent Term(s) Offered: None

GEOL 408    Structural Geology    4 Hours (repeatable max of 4 hrs)

This course introduces the mechanics, characteristics, occurrences, and resultant structures associated with the major processes of deformation of the earth's crust. Major structural regions of North America are discussed. The laboratory emphasizes graphical and mathematical solutions of structural problems. Field trip required.

Prerequisite(s): GEOL 111 and GEOL 113

Course Fee: $40

Recent Term(s) Offered: spring 2019; spring 2020; spring 2021

GEOL 415    Applied Environmental Geology    3 Hours

The interrelationships of geologic processes, earth materials, and human activities. Assessment of geologic factors with respect to site selection, energy production, land use, waste disposal, planning, water resources, engineering practices, and the recognition and control of geologic hazards. Class exercises stress the application of geologic knowledge to specific environmental situations. Note: Permission of instructor may be required.

Prerequisite(s): GEOL 111 and GEOL 113

Recent Term(s) Offered: fall 2019; spring 2021

GEOL 420    Geomorphology    3 Hours (repeatable max of 4 hrs)

The study of the origin, history, and characteristics of landforms produced by fluvial, glacial, wind, and wave erosion and mass-wasting and ground water or by combination of these, acting upon the major types of earth materials and structures. Laboratory work includes the interpretation of topographic and geologic maps, air photos, and stereopairs. A field trip may be required.

Prerequisite(s): (GEOL 111 or GEOG 103 or GEOL 103)

Equivalent(s): GEOG 420

Recent Term(s) Offered: fall 2019; fall 2021

GEOL 430    Optical Mineralogy    3 Hours

A study of the optical constants and phenomena exhibited by and characteristic of crystalline mineral materials. Topics covered include the behavior of light in crystalline solids, the origin and nature of interference colors, refractive index, birefringence, optical character, and optical identification of minerals. Laboratory work concerns techniques employed with the petrographic microscope and the use of the microscope in mineral identification.

Prerequisite(s): (GEOL 325 or GEOL 330)

Recent Term(s) Offered: None

GEOL 432    Diffraction and Spectroscopy    4 Hours

Theory and experimental practices of modern analytical techniques for the analysis of crystal structures. Focuses on the study of crystallography, crystal chemistry, and their physical and chemical properties. Laboratory fee required.

Prerequisite(s): (GEOG 325 or GEOL 330 or CHEM 222 or PHYS 266)

Recent Term(s) Offered: None

GEOL 440    Hydrogeology    3 Hours

Origin, occurrence, and movement of ground water; water wells and aquifer evaluations; exploratory investigations; quality of ground water supplies; legal aspects.

Prerequisite(s): MATH 136 (may be taken concurrently) and (GEOG 310 or GEOL 310)

Recent Term(s) Offered: None

GEOL 445    Aqueous Geochemistry    3 Hours

An introduction to geochemical processes of surface and ground water including concentrations of ions and organic compounds, chemical equilibria, and analytical techniques. Carbonate and clay minerals will be studied in detail.

Prerequisite(s): CHEM 120 and CHEM 121

Recent Term(s) Offered: spring 2019

GEOL 455    Field Geology    1-6 Hours (repeatable max of 6 hrs)

Geological field experiences in a variety of settings and locations, designed to teach the hands-on methods of fieldwork and data collection, and the preparation of geologic maps, cross sections and reports.

Prerequisite(s): (GEOL 111 and GEOL 113) or permission of instructor

Recent Term(s) Offered: None

GEOL 465    Geophysics    3 Hours

The fundamentals of general and exploration geophysics. Topics include the origin of the earth and solar system, the earth's interior, geochronology, gravity and isostasy, seismology, the earth's heat, geomagnetism, upper atmosphere, continents and ocean basins, ridges and island arcs, and plate tectonics. The theory and applications of exploration geophysics are also covered, especially gravity, magnetic, and seismic methods. Note: One year of college physics or permission of instructor required.

Prerequisite(s): GEOL 111

Recent Term(s) Offered: spring 2020; fall 2021

GEOL 470    Tectonics    3 Hours

Deformational structure and style of various crustal regions. Regional tectonics of North America is emphasized.

Prerequisite(s): GEOL 308

Course Fee: $20

Recent Term(s) Offered: None

GEOL 475    Special Topics in Geology    1-3 Hours (repeatable max of 12 hrs)

A lecture-discussion or supervised research course in which advanced or special topics in geology are considered in detail. Special topics courses may not replace required courses in the geology major/minor but may be applied as elective credit. Note: Permission of instructor required.

Recent Term(s) Offered: spring 2019; fall 2019; spring 2020; fall 2020

GEOL 485    Geology of Fossil Fuels    3 Hours

Formation of coal, petroleum, and natural gas including depositional setting, source materials, and processes of thermal maturation. Stratigraphic and structural relations, modes of occurrence, exploration techniques, and resource evaluation are emphasized. Field trip required. Note: Permission of instructor may be required.

Prerequisite(s): GEOL 308

Recent Term(s) Offered: spring 2019

GEOL 490    Petroleum Geology    3 Hours

Concepts of oil formation, source-rock evaluation, thermal maturation, and petroleum migration are reviewed. Emphasis is placed on characterization of petroleum reservoirs and traps and on the techniques employed by geologists in exploration for oil and gas accumulations. Field trip required.

Recent Term(s) Offered: None

GEOL 499    Professional Preparation in Geology    2 Hours

Professional career preparation in geology including senior assessment, resume writing, college-to-career transition, professional ethics, and selected seminar topics. Outside speakers from industry and academia will be included.

Restriction(s): Students with a semester level of Academy Junior, Academy Senior, Freshman, Junior or Sophomore may not enroll.

Recent Term(s) Offered: fall 2019; fall 2020; fall 2021

Meteorology (METR)

METR 121    Meteorology    3 Hours (repeatable max of 3 hrs)

An introduction to the elements of the atmosphere, severe storms, atmospheric environmental issues, the interdependence between human life and the atmosphere, and rudimentary forecasting of basic weather systems. A self-paced laboratory is required. (2 hour lecture; 1 hour lab) Colonnade/Statewide General Education Code E-NS, E-SL | NS, SL

Course Fee: $50

Recent Term(s) Offered: winter 2019; spring 2019; summer 2019; fall 2019; winter 2020; spring 2020; summer 2020; fall 2020; winter 2021; spring 2021; summer 2021; fall 2021

METR 122    Aviation Meteorology    3 Hours

The emphasis of the course will be on weather elements and their measurements, weather instruments, weather codes needed by aviators, weather effects upon flying, and weather hazards of aviation.

Recent Term(s) Offered: spring 2019; spring 2020; spring 2021

METR 322    Global Climate Systems    4 Hours

Analyzes the elements of climate and their world distribution with emphasis on the climatic controls and processes; surveys the influences of climates on environment; introduces climatic classification systems and climatological regions of the world. Colonnade/Statewide General Education Code K-SY

Prerequisite(s): 21 hours of Foundations and Explorations Courses, or junior status and METR 121

Recent Term(s) Offered: fall 2019; fall 2021

METR 324    Weather Analysis and Forecasting    3 Hours

Analysis of the atmosphere using satellite and radar imagery. Weather forecasting techniques using surface and upper air data are also examined. Note: Permission of instructor may be required.

Prerequisite(s): METR 121

Equivalent(s): METR 424

Course Fee: $50

Recent Term(s) Offered: spring 2019; spring 2020; spring 2021

METR 325    Meteorological Instrumentation and Measurement    3 Hours

Introduces the purpose, operation, and application of meteorological instrumentation and the treatment of meteorological measurements.

Prerequisite(s): METR 121

Course Fee: $50

Recent Term(s) Offered: fall 2020

METR 335    Satellite/Radar Meteorology    3 Hours

An introduction to remote sensing specific to the atmospheric sciences. Specific attention is given to analysis, diagnostic, and prognostic determinations using various satellites, as well as surface and space-based active radar systems. Specific applications focus on synoptic and mesoscale phenomena, including large-scale kinematics and morphology, clouds, derived radar interpretation, precipitating systems, and precipitation measurement.

Prerequisite(s): METR 324

Course Fee: $50

Recent Term(s) Offered: fall 2019; fall 2021

METR 422    Physical Climatology    4 Hours

Addresses the complexity of climactic processes at various spatial and temporal scales. Budgets of energy, water, and momentum, and soil-plant-atmosphere interactions at the earth's surface are explored from both a theoretical and practical point of view.

Prerequisite(s): METR 324 with a minimum grade of C and MATH 237 with a minimum grade of C

Recent Term(s) Offered: None

METR 424    Severe Weather Analysis and Forecasting    2 Hours (repeatable max of 4 hrs)

Provides preparatory and debriefing in-class time for METR 425, Field Methods in Severe Weather Analysis and Forecasting. Students will use this in-class time prior to departure to learn about course expectations, travel logistics, and to practice forecasting current events. Students will use this in-class time upon return to debrief the field component, archive all data, and develop applied research projects for future use.

Prerequisite(s): METR 324 and permission of instructor

Corequisite(s): METR 425

Recent Term(s) Offered: None

METR 425    Field Methods in Severe Weather Analysis and Forecasting    4 Hours (repeatable max of 8 hrs)

Provides an intensive, comprehensive field-based weather analysis and forecasting experience that focuses on all forms of severe weather, including tornadoes. Students will travel across the Great Plains collecting and analyzing weather data, predicting severe convective thunderstorms, and formulating logistical plans to document forecast outcomes each day. Students will also have the opportunity for applied learning approaches in leadership, collaborative team-building, and professional aptitude development.

Prerequisite(s): (METR 324 and permission of instructor)

Corequisite(s): METR 424

Recent Term(s) Offered: summer 2021

METR 426    Applied Meteorology / Climatology    3 Hours

This course offers a practical insight into the influence of meteorology and climatology on everyday life. Environmental problems caused by changes in the atmosphere are also examined. Note: Permission of instructor may be required.

Prerequisite(s): METR 121

Recent Term(s) Offered: None

METR 430    Meteorological Computing    3 Hours

Introduction to Python-based skills for meteorological data manipulation, processing, and visualization. Mainstream meteorological data sources and formats (e.g., ASCII, CSV, GRIB, NetCDF) will be involved in weather analysis and map generation.

Prerequisite(s): METR 324 and CS 170

Recent Term(s) Offered: fall 2020

METR 431    Dynamic Meteorology I    3 Hours

Introduction to large-scale dynamics of the Earth's troposphere focusing on fundamental topics, the basic governing equations of motion in the atmosphere, and dry thermodynamics.

Prerequisite(s): METR 324 with a minimum grade of C and MATH 237 with a minimum grade of C

Recent Term(s) Offered: fall 2019; fall 2021

METR 432    Synoptic Meteorology    3 Hours

Addresses the analysis and prediction of large-scale weather systems, such as extra-tropical cyclones, fronts and jet streams through the application of fundamental dynamical concepts of meteorology.

Prerequisite(s): METR 324 with a minimum grade of C and MATH 237 with a minimum grade of C

Course Fee: $50

Recent Term(s) Offered: fall 2020

METR 433    Dynamic Meteorology II    3 Hours

Analysis of phenomena related to large scale dynamics of the Earth's troposphere including thermodynamics, elementary applications of the basic equations, and circulation and vorticity.

Prerequisite(s): METR 431 with a minimum grade of C

Recent Term(s) Offered: spring 2020

METR 437    Mesoscale Meteorology    3 Hours

Addresses the analysis and prediction of convective and mesoscale phenomena, such as mesoscale convective systems, severe thunderstorms, tornadoes and hurricanes.

Prerequisite(s): METR 432 with a minimum grade of C

Course Fee: $50

Recent Term(s) Offered: spring 2019; spring 2021

METR 438    Physical Meteorology    3 Hours

Addresses the microscopic processes related to cloud formation, radiative transfer, precipitation processes and dry and moist thermodynamics.

Prerequisite(s): METR 431 with a minimum grade of C

Recent Term(s) Offered: spring 2020

METR 439    Atmospheric Modeling    3 Hours

An introduction to numerical weather and climate modeling techniques and models, with focus on modeling fundamentals, including dynamics, physical parameterizations, grids and resolutions, model structures and components. Includes hands-on experience with designing numerical experiments, configuring and running model simulations, post-processing model outputs, and visualization.

Prerequisite(s): METR 324 with a minimum grade of C and CS 170 with a minimum grade of C

Recent Term(s) Offered: None

METR 460    Climate Teleconnections    3 Hours

Analysis of the climate impacts and physical mechanisms of atmospheric and oceanic teleconnections that commonly affect weather patterns in the northern hemisphere. Note: Permission of instructor may be required.

Prerequisite(s): (METR 322 or METR 324)

Recent Term(s) Offered: spring 2019; spring 2021

METR 475    Selected Topics in Meteorology    1-3 Hours (repeatable max of 12 hrs)

A study of a selected problem under the supervision of a faculty member.

Prerequisite(s): permission of instructor

Recent Term(s) Offered: fall 2020; spring 2021; summer 2021; fall 2021

Utility Management (UM)

UM 101    Water Utility Management    3 Hours (repeatable max of 9 hrs)

Overview of water and wastewater utility activities and functions leading to professional designation in utility management.

Recent Term(s) Offered: None

UM 205    Water Utility Organization, Regulation and Law    3 Hours

Overview of the organization, structure, and legal aspects of water and wastewater utilities.

Prerequisite(s): UM 101

Recent Term(s) Offered: None

UM 215    Water Utility Finance and Administration    3 Hours

Overview of the financial and administrative aspects of water and wastewater utilities.

Prerequisite(s): UM 101

Recent Term(s) Offered: None

UM 225    Human Resource Management for Water Utilities    3 Hours

Overview of the staffing, compensation, and human resources utilization aspects of water and wastewater utilities.

Prerequisite(s): UM 101

Recent Term(s) Offered: None

UM 235    Water Utility Management and Human Relations    3 Hours

Overview of the management and human relations aspects of water and wastewater utilities including board/manager, employee, public, and other utility relations.

Prerequisite(s): UM 101

Recent Term(s) Offered: None

UM 245    Modern Technology and Water Utility Management    3 Hours

Overview of the essential functions of public drinking water and wastewater utilities focusing on the emerging technologies and evolving legislation that drive quality and quantity issues.

Prerequisite(s): UM 101

Recent Term(s) Offered: None

UM 290    Internship: Utility Management    3 Hours (repeatable max of 6 hrs)

Internship in water/wastewater management. May be paid or unpaid. Coordination required via WTI Program Coordnator. Note: Requires placement by the WTI Program Coordinator and instructor's permission required.

Prerequisite(s): WTTI 200

Recent Term(s) Offered: None

Water/Wastewater Technology (WTTI)

WTTI 200    Water Supply and Wastewater Control    3 Hours

This course is designed to familiarize the student with water supply and wastewater control. Emphasis is on the operational aspects of water supply, water distribution, wastewater collection, and wastewater treatment and disposal. Upon completion, students should be able to apply technical concepts and principles of water supply and wastewater control.

Recent Term(s) Offered: None

WTTI 201    Hydrology for Water Operations    0.5 Hours

The properties, distribution, and circulation of water as it moves through the atmosphere, across and below the earth's surface, with emphasis on water and wastewater operations. Topics include the hydrologic cycle, groundwater, rainfall, droughts, and volume and flow.

Recent Term(s) Offered: None

WTTI 202    Drinking Water Sources, Quality and Standards    0.75 Hours

Examination of sources of drinking water, including identification of the various types and sources of contaminants in natural and artificial water systems, and standards used to establish drinking water quality.

Recent Term(s) Offered: None

WTTI 203    Introduction to Drinking Water Treatment    0.5 Hours

Introduction to the processes and equipment used to create safe drinking water, including treatment at the source, preliminary treatment, and purification.

Recent Term(s) Offered: None

WTTI 204    Introduction to Wastewater Treatment    0.5 Hours

Introduction to the equipment, structures, and processes used in the treatment of wastewater. Examines various legislation and regulations pertaining to wastewater treatment and effluent standards.

Recent Term(s) Offered: None

WTTI 205    Introduction to Drinking Water Distribution    0.5 Hours

Introduction to the equipment and structures used in drinking water transmission and distribution systems. Topics include system design and maintenance, the use of centrifugal pumps and water mains, and computer applications.

Recent Term(s) Offered: None

WTTI 206    Instruction to Wastewater Collection    0.5 Hours

Introduction to the equipment, structures, and design of wastewater collection systems. Topics include the layout and construction of sanitary sewers, lift stations, infiltration and inflow, and treatment methods.

Recent Term(s) Offered: None

WTTI 210    Water Treatment Processes    3 Hours

This course is designed to train prospective wastewater treatment plant operators and managers in the practical aspects of operating and maintaining wastewater treatment plants, with emphasis on the use of safe practices and procedures. Students will learn how to safely operate and maintain coagulation, flocculation, sedimentation, filtration, and disinfection processes. They will also learn how to control tastes and odors in drinking water, control corrosion to meet the requirements of the Lead and Copper Rule, perform basic water laboratory procedures, and solve arithmetic problems commonly associated with water treatment plant operation.

Prerequisite(s): WTTI 200

Recent Term(s) Offered: None

WTTI 211    Wastewater Treatment Processes    3 Hours

This course is designed to train prospective wastewater treatment plant operators and managers in the practical aspects of operating and maintaining wastewater treatment plants, with emphasis on the use of safe practices and procedures. Students will learn how to safely operate and maintain racks, screens, comminutors, sedimentation tanks, trickling filters, rotating biological contractors, package activated sludge plants, oxidation ditches, ponds, and chlorination facilities. Students will also learn how to analyze and solve operational problems and how to perform mathematical calculations relating to wastewater treatment process control.

Recent Term(s) Offered: None

WTTI 212    Water Distribution and Wastewater Collection Systems    3 Hours

This course is designed to enable students to understand the operation and maintenance of a waterworks distribution system and to familiarize students with the components of wastewater collection systems. Overview of design installation, operation, monitoring, maintenance and repair/rehabilitation of sewer pipelines, pump stations and related facilities.

Recent Term(s) Offered: None

WTTI 213    Basic Drinking Water Treatment Processes    0.75 Hours

The effects of characteristics of water that hinder quality and treatment techniques which improve water quality. Topics include fluoridation, and the treatment and control of iron, manganese, and hard water.

Prerequisite(s): WTTI 203

Recent Term(s) Offered: None

WTTI 214    Coagulation and Flocculation Processes in Water Treatment    0.5 Hours

Examination of the processes that remove suspended solids from drinking water and wastewater. Topics include chemicals used, rapid-mix facilities, flocculation facilities, regulations, dosage control, safety precautions, and record keeping.

Prerequisite(s): (WTTI 203 or WTTI 204)

Recent Term(s) Offered: None

WTTI 215    Sedimentation Basins and Clarifiers in Water Treatment    0.5 Hours

Course outlining the use sedimentation processes in water treatment. Topics include equipment and structures utilized in the process, operation, other clarification processes, and record keeping.

Prerequisite(s): (WTTI 203 or WTTI 204)

Recent Term(s) Offered: None

WTTI 216    Water Filtration Processes    0.5 Hours

Equipment, structures, and operational factors used in filtration systems for water and wastewater treatment facilities. Topics include approaches to filtration, gravity filters, pressure filtration, regulations, safety precautions, and record keeping.

Prerequisite(s): (WTTI 203 or WTTI 204)

Recent Term(s) Offered: None

WTTI 217    Water Disinfection Processes    1 Hour

Equipment, structures, and processes used during the disinfection process in water and wastewater treatment. Topics include chlorination processes, other oxidant processes, disinfection regulations, control tests, safety precautions and record keeping.

Prerequisite(s): (WTTI 203 or WTTI 204)

Recent Term(s) Offered: None

WTTI 220    Calculations and Hydraulics for Water    3 Hours

This course is designed to provide the student with an understanding of the mathematical principles and practical hydraulic design related to water supply. Topics include the treatment and distribution of water. Study includes solving problems related to treatment systems including hydraulic volumes, dimensional analysis, calculations and chemical dose rates as it relates to water treatment and distribution. Provides information and procedures necessary to predict and manipulate the hydraulics of water transmission. The primary work assignments involve the reading and using of hydraulic principles and then applying them in a real-life case analysis. Upon completion, students should be able to apply principles of mathematics and hydraulic systems to water management practices.

Prerequisite(s): WTTI 200

Recent Term(s) Offered: None

WTTI 221    Calcuations and Hydraulics for Wastewater and Stormwater    3 Hours

This course is designed to provide the student with an understanding of the mathematical principles and practical hydraulic design related to wastewater and stormwater control. Topics include the collection and treatment of domestic and industrial wastewater, wastewater collection and stormwater. Study includes solving problems related to treatment systems including hydraulic volumes, dimensional analysis, primary and secondary sewage treatment, calculations and chemical dose rates as it relates to wastewater and stormwater technology. Provides information and procedures necessary to predict and manipulate the hydraulics of wastewater and stormwater collection. The primary work assignments involve the reading and using of hydraulic principles and then applying them in a real-life case analysis. Upon completion, students should be able to apply principles of mathematics and hydraulic systems to wastewater and stormwater management practices.

Prerequisite(s): WTTI 220

Recent Term(s) Offered: None

WTTI 222    Water and Wastewater Instrumentation and Control    3 Hours

This course focuses on the basic fundamentals of instrumentation applicable to water and wastewater management. The application, maintenance, and calibratioin of instruments in water and wastewater systems are emphasized. Upon completioin, students should be able to read, calibrate and maintain mechanical, electrical, hydraulic, and pneumatic sensing equipment; and indicating, recording, and control equipment.

Prerequisite(s): WTTI 200

Recent Term(s) Offered: None

WTTI 223    Basic Calculations for Water Operations    1.25 Hour

Introduction to calculations used by operators to determine load, demand and other quantities critical to water and wastewater operations. Topics include per capita water use, domestic water use based on household fixture rates, water use per unit of industrial product produced, demand analysis, and load estimation.

Recent Term(s) Offered: None

WTTI 224    Basic Hydraulics for Water Operations    1 Hour

Basic hydraulic concepts and calculations necessary for operating water and wastewater systems. Topics include basic properties of fluids, pressure and force, head and head loss, pumping calculations, flow, thrust control, and computer applications.

Recent Term(s) Offered: None

WTTI 225    Basic Hydraulics in Drinking Water Distribution Networks    0.5 Hours

Basic hydraulic concepts driving the planning, design, construction, and operation of a pressurized network.

Prerequisite(s): WTTI 223 and WTTI 224

Recent Term(s) Offered: None

WTTI 226    Water Chemistry    3 Hours

This course is designed to explore basic chemical concepts and principles such as elements, compounds, states of matter and reactions that are applicable to evaluating and regulating water quality and applies them to water and wastewater treatment. Students also examine laboratory techniques, equipment, quality assurance, and recordkeeping and reporting.

Prerequisite(s): WTTI 200

Recent Term(s) Offered: None

WTTI 227    Basic Hydraulic Concepts in Wastewater Collection Systems    0.5 Hours

Basic hydraulic concepts driving the planning, design, construction, and operation of wastewater collection systems. Topics include the function and operation of open channel and gravity flow collection system networks.

Prerequisite(s): WTTI 223 and WTTI 224

Recent Term(s) Offered: None

WTTI 230    Advanced Water Treatment Processes    3 Hours

This course is a continuation of WTTI 210 and is designed to train prospective water treatment plant operators and managers in the practical aspects of operating and maintaining water treatment plants, with emphasis on the use of safe practices and procedures. Information is presented on drinking water regulations (including the Safe Drinking Water Act), iron and manganese control, fluoridation, softening, trihalomethanes, demineralization, handling and disposal of process wastes, maintenance, instrumentation, and advanced laboratory procedures.

Prerequisite(s): WTTI 210

Recent Term(s) Offered: None

WTTI 231    Advanced Wastewater Treatment Processes    3 Hours

This course is a continuation of WTTI 211 and is designed to train prospective wastewater treatment plant operators and managers in the practical aspects of operating and maintaining wastewater treatment plants, with emphasis on the use of safe practices and procedures. Topics include conventional activated sludge processes, sledge digestion and solids handling, effluent disposal, plant safety and good housekeeping, plant and equipment maintenance, laboratory procedures and chemistry, use of computers of plant operation and maintenance, analysis and presentation of data, and records and report writing. Students will also learn how to analyze and solve operational problems and how to perform the mathematical calculations relating to wastewater treatment process control.

Prerequisite(s): WTTI 211

Recent Term(s) Offered: None

WTTI 232    Wastewater Microbiology    0.5 Hours

Bacteria and other micoscopic organisms in wastewater, the equipment and structures used to grow or remove microorganisms, and the role microorganisms play in the breakdown of waste material.

Prerequisite(s): WTTI 204

Recent Term(s) Offered: None

WTTI 233    Natural Wastewater Treatment Systems    0.5 Hours

Examination of the equipment, structures, and operating factors in natural wastewater treatment systems.

Prerequisite(s): WTTI 204

Recent Term(s) Offered: None

WTTI 234    Basic Infrastructure for Water Distribution & Wastewater    1 Hour

Basic components of drinking water distribution systems and wastewater collection systems, including equipment, structures, and operating factors affecting the planning, design, and construction.

Prerequisite(s): (WTTI 205 or WTTI 206)

Recent Term(s) Offered: None

WTTI 235    Water Distribution System Components    0.75 Hours

Introduction to the components used in drinking water distribution systems and the factors involved in planning, operating, and maintaining them. Topics include hydrants, meters, cross connections, backflow control methods and devices, and records and reporting.

Prerequisite(s): WTTI 205

Recent Term(s) Offered: None

WTTI 236    Water Distribution System Operation and Maintenance    1.25 Hour

Examination of the procedures used in the operation and maintenance of water distribution networks. Topics include pipe shipment and handling, excavation, laying pipe, pressure and leak testing, flushing and disinfection, inspections, site restorations, water main installation, maintaining water quality, maintaining flow and pressure, meter locations, service lines, and thawing.

Prerequisite(s): WTTI 205

Recent Term(s) Offered: None

WTTI 237    Wastewater Collection System Assessment and Repair    0.5 Hours

Procedures used in the operation and maintenance of wastewater collection systems. Topics include operation and maintenance, inspecting and testing components, pipeline and manhole cleaning and inspection methods, and underground repair.

Prerequisite(s): WTTI 206

Recent Term(s) Offered: None

WTTI 238    Wastewater Collection Systems Management    0.5 Hours

Management concepts and considerations in the wastewater industry. Topics include operation and maintenance, information management, system design, construction and assessment, public policy and community relations, budgeting and financial planning, and safety and security.

Prerequisite(s): WTTI 206

Recent Term(s) Offered: None

WTTI 239    Stormwater Management for Operators    0.5 Hours

Control and mitigation of stormwater runoff via wastewater treatment facilities. Topics include estimating stormwater runoff, storm sewer systems, best management practices, floodplains, control of combined sewer overflows, controlling constituent discharges, and computer applications.

Prerequisite(s): WTTI 206

Recent Term(s) Offered: None

WTTI 240    Motors, Engines, and Controls in Water Operations    0.5 Hours

Investigation of the motors, engines, and controls used in water and wastewater treatment operations. Topics include electric motors, combustion engines, electrically driven pumps, motor and engine records, and motor and engine safety.

Recent Term(s) Offered: None

WTTI 241    Introduction to Instrumentation & Control Systems in Water    0.75 Hours

Introduction to the instrumentation and control systems used in water and wastewater operations. Topics include instrumentation, telemetry, control systems, Supervisory Control and Data Acquisition (SCADA) system components, operation and maintenance, flow, pressure, and level measurement, and automation.

Recent Term(s) Offered: None

WTTI 242    Basic Electricity for Water Operations    0.5 Hours

Investigation of the basic concepts and applications of electricity in water and wastewater operations.

Recent Term(s) Offered: None

WTTI 243    Flowermeters, Sensors and Process Measurements    0.5 Hours

Investigation of the equipment and techniques used to measure flow and other process information in water and wastewater operations.

Recent Term(s) Offered: None

WTTI 244    Automatic Process Control for Water Operations    0.75 Hours

Analysis of the equipment and procedures used in the automated control processes in water or wastewater facilities.

Prerequisite(s): WTTI 243

Recent Term(s) Offered: None

WTTI 249    Basic Water Chemistry for Operators    1 Hour

Assessment of the essential chemical properties of water and how they can affect water quality.

Recent Term(s) Offered: None

WTTI 250    Drinking Water Sampling and Analysis    1 Hour

Study of techniques of sampling and laboratory testing of drinking water resources.

Prerequisite(s): WTTI 249

Recent Term(s) Offered: None

WTTI 251    Wastewater Sampling and Analysis    1 Hour

Investigation of the procedures for effectively sampling and analyzing wastewater. Topics include operating laboratory equipment, analyzing in accordance with NPDES permit requirements, and recording laboratory results.

Prerequisite(s): WTTI 249

Recent Term(s) Offered: None

WTTI 252    Water Operator Safety    0.75 Hours

Basic process of ensuring a safe working environment for water and wastewater operators. Topics include inspections, procedures, and programs which ensure safety in the workplace.

Recent Term(s) Offered: None

WTTI 253    Wastewater Regulations    0.5 Hours

Analysis of all major forms of regulation that apply to the wastewater industry. Topics include the evolution of the Clean Water Act, pretreatment program requirements, permit compliance, safety regulations, and the National Pollutant Discharge Elimination System (NPDES).

Recent Term(s) Offered: None

WTTI 254    Corrosion Control in Water Operations    0.5 Hours

Investigation of the methods and techniques used to minimize corrosion in water treatment facilities. Topics include corrosion control methods, facilities, regulations, record keeping, and safety precautions.

Prerequisite(s): WTTI 203

Recent Term(s) Offered: None

WTTI 255    Ion Exchange Processes in Water Treatment    0.5 Hours

Process and equipment used in ion exchange treatment of water. Topics include ion exchange softening, operation of ion exchange processes, and record keeping.

Prerequisite(s): WTTI 203

Recent Term(s) Offered: None

WTTI 256    Adsorption Processes in Water Treatment    0.5 Hours

Analysis of the process and equipment used in the adsorption process in water treatment. Topics include the principles of adsorption, adsorption facilities, regulations, operating procedures, safety precautions, and record keeping.

Prerequisite(s): WTTI 203

Recent Term(s) Offered: None

WTTI 257    Aeration Processes in Water Treatment    0.5 Hours

Investigation of the process and equipment used druing the aeration process in water treatment. Topics include process description, types of aerators, regulations, control tests, operating problems, safety precautions, and record keeping.

Prerequisite(s): WTTI 203

Recent Term(s) Offered: None

WTTI 258    Membrane Processes in Water Treatment    0.5 Hours

Exploration of the processes and equipment used in membrane filtration. Topics include microfiltration facilities, pleated membrane facilities, nanofiltration and reverse osmosis facilities, operating programs, and record keeping.

Prerequisite(s): WTTI 203

Recent Term(s) Offered: None

WTTI 259    Introduction to Residuals Management in Water Operations    0.5 Hours

Equipment, structures, and processes associated with residual management in water and wastewater systems. Topics include sludge calculations, removal of sludge by traditional sedimentation processes, softening sludge, and solids separation technology.

Prerequisite(s): (WTTI 203 or WTTI 204)

Recent Term(s) Offered: None

WTTI 260    Suspended Growth Systems in Wastewater Operations    0.5 Hours

Design and processes of suspended growth systems in wastewater treatment facilities. Topics include the operation of activated sludge plants, controlling biomass inventory, energy use and saving opportunities, aerobic digestion, and solids handling.

Prerequisite(s): WTTI 204

Recent Term(s) Offered: None

WTTI 261    Attached Growth Systems in Wastewater Operations    0.5 Hours

Facilities and processes used in attached growth systems. Topics include trickling filters, biological filters, rotating biological contactors, and operation of attached growth systems.

Prerequisite(s): WTTI 204

Recent Term(s) Offered: None

WTTI 262    Nutrient Removal Processes in Water Operations    1 Hour

Equipment, structures, and design factors used in nutrient removal. Topics include nutrients and their effects on the environment, regulations, structured process models for nutrient removal, troubleshooting for full-scale nutrient removal facilities, and aquatic natural treatment systems.

Prerequisite(s): (WTTI 203 or WTTI 204)

Recent Term(s) Offered: None

WTTI 263    Industrial Wastewater Pretreatment Processes    0.5 Hours

Equipment, structures, and process involved in pretreatment of wastewater. Topics include regulations governing industrial pretreatment, troubleshooting, and maintaining pretreatment operations.

Prerequisite(s): WTTI 204

Recent Term(s) Offered: None

WTTI 264    Wastewater Residuals Management    0.5 Hours

Equipment, structures, and processes used in wastewater residuals management. Topics include the stabilization, thickening, dewatering, drying, and composting of sludge, and biosolids reduction processes.

Prerequisite(s): WTTI 259

Recent Term(s) Offered: None

WTTI 265    Record Keeping and Reporting for Water Operations    0.5 Hours

Techniques for keeping effective records and reports for a water or wastewater utility. Topics include computer recordkeeping systems, equipment and maintenance records, plant operations data, procurement and inventory records, personnel records, and disposition of plant and system records.

Prerequisite(s): (WTTI 203 or WTTI 204)

Recent Term(s) Offered: None

WTTI 266    Customer Service and Public Relations in Water Operations    0.5 Hours

Analysis of methods by which water and wastewater utilities deal with customers and the public. Topics include the roles of water distribution personnel and informed employees in public relations, formal public relations programs, and general principles of customer inquiries and complaint investigation.

Prerequisite(s): (WTTI 203) or WTTI 204

Recent Term(s) Offered: None

WTTI 291    Internship: Utility Operations    3 Hours

Internship in water/wastewater operations. May be paid or unpaid. Note: Requires placement by the WTI Program Coordinator and instructor's permission.

Prerequisite(s): WTTI 200

Recent Term(s) Offered: None