Undergraduate Catalog 2022-2023
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Geology (GEOL)

GEOL 103    Our Dynamic Planet    3 Hours

Introduction to the spatial dimension of Earth's dynamic systems and how they affect people. These include the atmosphere, hydrosphere, and lithosphere. Colonnade/Statewide General Education Code E-NS | NS

Equivalent(s): GEOG 103

Recent Term(s) Offered: spring 2020; spring 2021; fall 2021; spring 2022; fall 2022

GEOL 106    Geology and Cinema    1.5 Hour

Examines how Hollywood depicts geology and geologists in movies. Addresses facts and fallacies in selected movies and in so doing explores basic geological processes and Earth materials. No credit for the Geology major or minor.

Recent Term(s) Offered: None

GEOL 107    Backyard Geology    1.5 Hour

Applies basic geologic principles to local surroundings. Explains how geologic processes create local rock forms and structures. Field trips required. No credit for the Geology major or minor.

Recent Term(s) Offered: None

GEOL 111    The Earth    3 Hours

The study of Earth including rocks, mineral resources, energy, soils, surface geologic processes, earthquakes and Earth's interior, global tectonics, hydrology, and environmental geology. Students electing to meet their general education laboratory requirement through GEOL 113 must simultaneously enroll in the GEOL 111 lecture course. Laboratory is required for Geology majors, minors, and some prospective science teachers, but is optional for most others. Colonnade/Statewide General Education Code E-NS | NS

Recent Term(s) Offered: spring 2020; summer 2020; fall 2020; spring 2021; summer 2021; fall 2021; spring 2022; summer 2022; fall 2022

GEOL 112    Earth's Past and Future    3 Hours

Deep time study of Earth, life, and climate to understand how the plantet - our only home - has changed in the past and what this means for the future of human species. Students electing to meet their general education laboratory requirement through GEOL 114 must simultaneously enroll in GEOL 112. Laboratory (GEOL 114) is required for Geology majors and some prospective science teachers, but is optional for most others. Colonnade/Statewide General Education Code E-NS | NS

Recent Term(s) Offered: spring 2020; summer 2020; fall 2020; spring 2021; fall 2021; spring 2022; fall 2022

GEOL 113    The Earth Laboratory    1 Hour

Laboratory work designed to accompany GEOL 111. Minerals, rocks, topographic maps, geologic maps, and aerial photographs are studied. This laboratory is required for Geology majors, minors and some prospective science teachers, but is optional for most others. Colonnade/Statewide General Education Code E-SL | SL

Prerequisite(s): (GEOL 111 (may be taken concurrently) or GEOG 103 (may be taken concurrently) or GEOL 103 (may be taken concurrently))

Course Fee: $15

Recent Term(s) Offered: spring 2020; fall 2020; spring 2021; fall 2021; spring 2022; summer 2022; fall 2022

GEOL 114    Earth's Past and Future Lab    1 Hour

To make it concise and to reflect corresponding changes in GEOL 112 listing. However, the learning objective for the course will remain unchanged. Colonnade/Statewide General Education Code E-SL | SL

Prerequisite(s): GEOL 112 (may be taken concurrently)

Course Fee: $15

Recent Term(s) Offered: spring 2020; fall 2020; spring 2021; fall 2021; spring 2022; fall 2022

GEOL 250    Environmental Geology    3 Hours

Survey of the geologic principles in relation to environmental problems arising from human actions. Topical environmental issues controlled by whole Earth processes, and the use of geologic knowledge in their remediation will be investigated. Colonnade/Statewide General Education Code E-SL, E-NS | NS, SL

Recent Term(s) Offered: fall 2020; spring 2021; fall 2021; spring 2022; summer 2022; fall 2022

GEOL 270    Analytical Techniques in Geology    3 Hours

Basic analytical techniques used to examine and analyze Earth materials. Topics include precision and accuracy, sample preparation, contamination, calibration techniques, analysis of data sets. Note: Permission of instructor may be required.

Prerequisite(s): GEOL 111 and GEOL 112

Course Fee: $50

Recent Term(s) Offered: None

GEOL 295    Introduction to Research Methodology    1 Hour

To familiarize Ogden Research Scholars and other research oriented students with the fundamentals of choosing a research topic, performing a bibliographical search on a subject, classification of instruments, data taking, data reduction, professional ethics and other research oriented topics. The common points of research methodology in the different scientific areas will be accentuated. Examples will be drawn from the various disciplines. Use of computers will be emphasized. Course does not count toward any major or minor. Note: Ogden Research Scholar, or 3.2 grade point average at the end of freshman year, or OCSTH faculty member recommendation.

Equivalent(s): CS 295, PHYS 295, MATH 295, CHEM 295, ENGR 295, BIOL 295

Recent Term(s) Offered: None

GEOL 301    Geology and Climate: Past and Future    3 Hours

Survey of Earth’s past climate changes, the present state, and what these mean for the future of our planet – our only home. Factors and processes that influence Earth’s climate over a variety of timescales are examined. Colonnade/Statewide General Education Code K-SY

Prerequisite(s): (GEOL 103 or GEOG 103 or GEOL 111 or GEOL 112) and 21 hours of Foundations and Explorations Courses, or junior status

Recent Term(s) Offered: fall 2020; fall 2021; fall 2022

GEOL 305    Earth System Science for Teachers    3 Hours

Collaborative, problem-based learning (PBL) experience, using real-world examples to enhance student understanding of earth system science, with a focus on relevance in science teaching grades K-12. Includes PBL-based lesson plan development. Applicable towards a major in Geology only for those students seeking teacher certification.

Prerequisite(s): (GEOL 111 and GEOL 113) or (GEOL 112 and GEOL 114)

Recent Term(s) Offered: fall 2020

GEOL 310    Global Hydrology    3 Hours

An introduction to descriptive and quantitative hydrology. The hydrologic cycle, precipitation, evaporation, and transpiration will be covered under descriptive hydrology. Hydrographs, runoff relations, ground water, and storage routing will be covered under quantitative hydrology. Consideration is given to use and management of water as a resource.

Prerequisite(s): (GEOL 111 or GEOG 103 or GEOL 103)

Equivalent(s): GEOG 310

Recent Term(s) Offered: fall 2020

GEOL 311    General Oceanography    3 Hours

A course in basic fundamentals pertaining to the geological, chemical, physical and biological aspects of the marine environment. Topics for discussion include the topography, structure and history of the ocean basins and their margins, ocean waters and oceanic circulation, tides and waves, marine geochemistry, ocean sediments and sedimentation, near-shore geologic processes and the ocean as a biogeochemical system. The resources of the ocean and the influence of humans are also considered. Note: Permission of instructor may be required.

Prerequisite(s): GEOL 111 and GEOL 113

Course Fee: $15

Recent Term(s) Offered: spring 2020; spring 2021

GEOL 315    Energy, Climate and Carbon    3 Hours

Energy, Climate and Carbon investigates our current reliance upon carbon-based sources of energy, the effect of fossil-fuel emissions on the environment and climate at local-to-global scales, and current efforts to limit fossil-fuel emissions and global climate change. The course is particularly focused on carbon-capture technologies, geological carbon sequestration and renewable energy resources. Colonnade/Statewide General Education Code K-SY

Prerequisite(s): (GEOL 111 or GEOL 112 or GEOL 103 or GEOG 103) and 21 hours of Foundations and Explorations Courses, or junior status

Recent Term(s) Offered: spring 2020; spring 2021

GEOL 325    Introduction to Minerals and Crystalline Rocks    3 Hours

The sight identification of minerals andcrystalline rocks is stressed. The description, origin and classification, economic uses, and occurrences of the major mineral andcrystalline rock groups are discussed. Appropriate rock and mineral specimens are examined in the laboratory.

Prerequisite(s): (GEOG 103 or GEOL 103 or GEOL 111) and GEOL 113

Recent Term(s) Offered: None

GEOL 330    Mineralogy    4 Hours (repeatable max of 4 hrs)

The systematic study of minerals. Includes crystallography, crystal chemistry, mineral stability, the classification of minerals, and the origin, characteristics and occurrences of the major mineral groups. Laboratory work includes crystal symmetry, mineral identification, and an introduction to the optical microscope. A field trip may be required. Note: One semester of college chemistry or permission of instructor required.

Prerequisite(s): GEOL 111 and GEOL 113

Course Fee: $35

Recent Term(s) Offered: fall 2020; fall 2021

GEOL 350    Mineralogy and Petrology    4 Hours (repeatable max of 4 hrs)

The study of the origin, characteristics, formative processes, and classification of minerals, and igneous and metamorphic rocks. Their occurrence in relation to plate tectonics is stressed. Laboratory work includes mineral identification, and petrographic study of igneous and metamorphic rocks in hand specimen and in thin section. A field trip may be required.

Prerequisite(s): GEOL 111 and GEOL 113

Course Fee: $35

Recent Term(s) Offered: spring 2020; spring 2021; spring 2022

GEOL 360    Sedimentology and Stratigraphy    4 Hours

Introduces sedimentary processes, including sediment origins, erosion, transportation, deposition, and diagenesis. Sedimentation patterns and stratigraphic architecture are studied in the context of depositional and tectonic settings.

Prerequisite(s): GEOL 112 and GEOL 114

Course Fee: $40

Recent Term(s) Offered: spring 2020; spring 2021; spring 2022

GEOL 380    Introductory Field Techniques    3 Hours

Techniques of geological field work. Topics include sampling, rock identification and description, field notes, and the transition from field to laboratory analysis. Field work is required.

Prerequisite(s): GEOL 111 and GEOL 113

Course Fee: $50

Recent Term(s) Offered: fall 2020; spring 2022

GEOL 399    Research Problems in Geology    1-3 Hours (repeatable max of 3 hrs)

Individual research projects are conducted under faculty supervision. May be repeated with a change of content, but only 3 hours will be counted toward the major. A written report is required. Note: Permission of research project director.

Recent Term(s) Offered: spring 2020; fall 2020; spring 2021; fall 2021; spring 2022; fall 2022

GEOL 405    Paleontology    4 Hours (repeatable max of 4 hrs)

A basic course in paleobiology including the nature of the fossil record, preservation, basic factors and theories relating to the origin and development of living systems and the process of evolution, the species concept, systematics, and paleoecology. Major invertebrate taxa with a significant fossil record are also studied. Laboratory work includes the examination, description, and classification of fossil specimens. Note: Permission of instructor may be required.

Prerequisite(s): GEOL 112 and GEOL 114 and BIOL 122 and BIOL 123

Course Fee: $40

Recent Term(s) Offered: None

GEOL 408    Structural Geology    4 Hours (repeatable max of 4 hrs)

This course introduces the mechanics, characteristics, occurrences, and resultant structures associated with the major processes of deformation of the earth's crust. Major structural regions of North America are discussed. The laboratory emphasizes graphical and mathematical solutions of structural problems. Field trip required.

Prerequisite(s): GEOL 111 and GEOL 113

Course Fee: $40

Recent Term(s) Offered: spring 2020; spring 2021; fall 2022

GEOL 415    Applied Environmental Geology    3 Hours

The interrelationships of geologic processes, earth materials, and human activities. Assessment of geologic factors with respect to site selection, energy production, land use, waste disposal, planning, water resources, engineering practices, and the recognition and control of geologic hazards. Class exercises stress the application of geologic knowledge to specific environmental situations. Note: Permission of instructor may be required.

Prerequisite(s): GEOL 111 and GEOL 113

Recent Term(s) Offered: spring 2021; fall 2022

GEOL 420    Geomorphology    3 Hours (repeatable max of 4 hrs)

The study of the origin, history, and characteristics of landforms produced by fluvial, glacial, wind, and wave erosion and mass-wasting and ground water or by combination of these, acting upon the major types of earth materials and structures. Laboratory work includes the interpretation of topographic and geologic maps, air photos, and stereopairs. A field trip may be required.

Prerequisite(s): (GEOL 111 or GEOG 103 or GEOL 103)

Equivalent(s): GEOG 420

Recent Term(s) Offered: fall 2021

GEOL 430    Optical Mineralogy    3 Hours

A study of the optical constants and phenomena exhibited by and characteristic of crystalline mineral materials. Topics covered include the behavior of light in crystalline solids, the origin and nature of interference colors, refractive index, birefringence, optical character, and optical identification of minerals. Laboratory work concerns techniques employed with the petrographic microscope and the use of the microscope in mineral identification.

Prerequisite(s): (GEOL 325 or GEOL 330)

Recent Term(s) Offered: None

GEOL 432    Diffraction and Spectroscopy    4 Hours

Theory and experimental practices of modern analytical techniques for the analysis of crystal structures. Focuses on the study of crystallography, crystal chemistry, and their physical and chemical properties. Laboratory fee required.

Prerequisite(s): (GEOG 325 or GEOL 330 or CHEM 222 or PHYS 266)

Recent Term(s) Offered: None

GEOL 440    Hydrogeology    3 Hours

Origin, occurrence, and movement of ground water; water wells and aquifer evaluations; exploratory investigations; quality of ground water supplies; legal aspects.

Prerequisite(s): MATH 136 (may be taken concurrently) and (GEOG 310 or GEOL 310)

Recent Term(s) Offered: None

GEOL 445    Aqueous Geochemistry    3 Hours

An introduction to geochemical processes of surface and ground water including concentrations of ions and organic compounds, chemical equilibria, and analytical techniques. Carbonate and clay minerals will be studied in detail.

Prerequisite(s): CHEM 120 and CHEM 121

Recent Term(s) Offered: None

GEOL 455    Field Geology    1-6 Hours (repeatable max of 6 hrs)

Geological field experiences in a variety of settings and locations, designed to teach the hands-on methods of fieldwork and data collection, and the preparation of geologic maps, cross sections and reports.

Prerequisite(s): (GEOL 111 and GEOL 113) or permission of instructor

Recent Term(s) Offered: None

GEOL 465    Geophysics    3 Hours

The fundamentals of general and exploration geophysics. Topics include the origin of the earth and solar system, the earth's interior, geochronology, gravity and isostasy, seismology, the earth's heat, geomagnetism, upper atmosphere, continents and ocean basins, ridges and island arcs, and plate tectonics. The theory and applications of exploration geophysics are also covered, especially gravity, magnetic, and seismic methods. Note: One year of college physics or permission of instructor required.

Prerequisite(s): GEOL 111

Recent Term(s) Offered: spring 2020; fall 2021

GEOL 470    Tectonics    3 Hours

Deformational structure and style of various crustal regions. Regional tectonics of North America is emphasized.

Prerequisite(s): GEOL 308

Course Fee: $20

Recent Term(s) Offered: None

GEOL 475    Special Topics in Geology    1-3 Hours (repeatable max of 12 hrs)

A lecture-discussion or supervised research course in which advanced or special topics in geology are considered in detail. Special topics courses may not replace required courses in the geology major/minor but may be applied as elective credit. Note: Permission of instructor required.

Recent Term(s) Offered: spring 2020; fall 2020; spring 2022

GEOL 485    Geology of Fossil Fuels    3 Hours

Formation of coal, petroleum, and natural gas including depositional setting, source materials, and processes of thermal maturation. Stratigraphic and structural relations, modes of occurrence, exploration techniques, and resource evaluation are emphasized. Field trip required. Note: Permission of instructor may be required.

Prerequisite(s): GEOL 308

Recent Term(s) Offered: None

GEOL 490    Petroleum Geology    3 Hours

Concepts of oil formation, source-rock evaluation, thermal maturation, and petroleum migration are reviewed. Emphasis is placed on characterization of petroleum reservoirs and traps and on the techniques employed by geologists in exploration for oil and gas accumulations. Field trip required.

Recent Term(s) Offered: None

GEOL 499    Professional Preparation in Geology    2 Hours

Professional career preparation in geology including senior assessment, resume writing, college-to-career transition, professional ethics, and selected seminar topics. Outside speakers from industry and academia will be included.

Restriction(s): Students with a semester level of Academy Junior, Academy Senior, Freshman, Junior or Sophomore may not enroll.

Recent Term(s) Offered: fall 2020; fall 2021; fall 2022